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Mla handbook for writers of research papers 7th ed gibaldi

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basic form of essay The remainder of this essay writing tutorial is based on a short sample #039;divorce essay#039; (about 1,000 words). To complete all of the associated tasks, it is easiest if you have the sample essay in front of you. A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an for writers papers 7th ed gibaldi, increased incidence in divorce. Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in essay people, Australia, only for writers of research gibaldi, one marriage in ten ended in divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and best way to write quickly the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997). An important issue for sociologists, and indeed for all of society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred. In this essay I will seek to critically examine a number of sociological explanations for the #039;divorce phenomenon#039; and also consider the social policy implications that each explanation carries with it. It will be argued that the best explanations are to be found within a broad socio-economic framework. One type of explanation for rising divorce has focused on changes in laws relating to marriage.

For example, Bilton, Bonnett and Jones (1987) argue that increased rates of divorce do not necessarily indicate that families are now more unstable. It is possible, they claim, that there has always been a degree of marital instability. They suggest that changes in the law have been significant, because they have provided unhappily married couples with #039;access to mla handbook for writers of research, a legal solution to school essay, pre-existent marital problems#039; (p.301). Bilton et al. therefore believe that changes in divorce rates can be best explained in terms of changes in the legal system. The problem with this type of for writers of research papers, explanation however, is that it does not consider why these laws have changed in the first place. It could be argued that reforms to high essay, family law, as well as the increased rate of divorce that has accompanied them, are the product of more fundamental changes in society. Another type of explanation is one that focuses precisely on these broad societal changes. For example, Nicky Hart (cited in Haralambos, 1995) argues that increases in mla handbook for writers of research papers 7th ed gibaldi, divorce and marital breakdown are the result of high school outline essay, economic changes that have affected the family. One example of these changes is the raised material aspirations of families, which Hart suggests has put pressure on both spouses to of research 7th ed gibaldi, become wage earners. An Essay? Women as a result have been forced to become both homemakers and mla handbook of research papers 7th ed economic providers.

According to Hart, the contradiction of these two roles has lead to conflict and this is the main cause of marital breakdown. It would appear that Hart#039;s explanation cannot account for all cases of divorce - for example, marital breakdown is liable to occur in families where only the gcse coursework resistance wire husband is working. Nevertheless, her approach, which is to relate changes in family relations to broader social forces, would seem to be more probing than one that looks only at legislative change. The two explanations described above have very different implications for social policy, especially in relation to how the problem of increasing marital instability might be dealt with. Bilton et al. (1995) offer a legal explanation and mla handbook of research papers 7th ed hence would see the solutions also being determined in transitions essay, this domain. If rises in divorce are thought to be the mla handbook for writers gibaldi consequence of liberal divorce laws, the obvious way to stem this rise is to make them less obtainable. This approach, one imagines, would lead to a reduction in divorce statistics; however, it cannot really be held up as a genuine solution to the problems of gcse physics resistance wire method, marital stress and breakdown in society. Of Research Gibaldi? Indeed it would seem to be a solution directed more at symptoms than addressing fundamental causes. Furthermore, the language experience of social workers, working in the area of family welfare suggests that restricting a couple#039;s access to for writers gibaldi, divorce would in some cases serve only to best way to, exacerbate existing marital problems (Johnson, 1981).

In those cases where violence is involved, the consequences could be tragic. Apart from all this, returning to 7th ed, more restrictive divorce laws seems to be a solution little favoured by Australians. (Harrison, 1990). Hart (cited in Haralambos, 1995), writing from a Marxist-feminist position, traces marital conflict to changes in the capitalist economic system and their resultant effect on the roles of write an essay, men and women. It is mla handbook for writers of research 7th ed gibaldi, difficult to know however, how such an analysis might be translated into practical social policies. This is because the Hart program would appear to require in coursework method, the first place a radical restructuring of the economic system. Whilst this may be desirable for some, it is not achievable in the present political climate. Hart is right however, to suggest that much marital conflict can be linked in for writers papers gibaldi, some way to the economic circumstances of families. This is borne out in many statistical surveys which show consistently that rates of divorce are higher among socially disadvantaged families (McDonald, 1993). This situation suggests then that social policies need to be geared to way to, providing support and security for these types of families.

It is little cause for optimism however, that in mla handbook 7th ed, recent years governments of essay, all persuasions have shown an for writers papers gibaldi, increasing reluctance to fund social welfare programs of this kind. It is in marathi, difficult to offer a comprehensive explanation for the growing trend of marital breakdown; and it is even more difficult to find solutions that might ameliorate the problems created by it. Clearly though, as I have argued in this essay, the mla handbook papers gibaldi most useful answers are to be found not within a narrow legal framework, but within a broader socio-economic one. Finally, it is worth pointing out that, whilst we may appear to be living in a time of increased family instability, research suggests that historically, instability may have been the norm rather than the exception. People Portrait? As Bell and Zajdow (1997) point out, in the past, single parent and step families were more common than is assumed - although the disruptive influence then was not divorce, but the premature death of one or both parents. This situation suggests that in studying the modern family, one needs to employ a historical perspective, including the possibility of looking to the past in searching for ways of dealing with problems in the present. Australian Bureau of Statistics (1996). Divorces, Australia . Canberra: Australian Government Printing Service. Bell, R. and G. Zajdow (1997) Family and household.

In R. Jureidini, S. Kenny and M. Poole (eds). Sociology: Australian Connections . St Leonards. NSW: Allen and Unwin. Bilton, T., K. Bonnett and P. Mla Handbook Of Research Papers 7th Ed Gibaldi? Jones (1987). Introductory Sociology , 2nd edition. London: MacMillan.

Haralambos, M. (1995). Sociology: Themes and Perspectives , 3rd edition. London: Bell and Hyman. Harrison, M. (1995). Grounds for divorce. Gcse Physics Coursework? Family Matters . No 42 pp 34-35. Johnson, V. (1981). The Last Resort: A Women#039;s Refuge . Ringwood: Penguin. Kilmartin, C. (1997).

Children divorce and mla handbook gibaldi one-parent families. High Outline Essay? Family Matters . No. 48. ( Available On-line ) McDonald, P. (1993). Family Trends and Structure in Australia . Australian Family Briefings No 3. Mla Handbook 7th Ed? Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies. Problems? Questions? Comments?

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MLA Handbook for writers of research papers (7th edition)

My Daughter’s Homework Is Killing Me. What happens when a father, alarmed by his 13-year-old daughter's nightly workload, tries to mla handbook for writers, do her homework for a week. The Things People Say Right Before They Leave the and realism Trump Administration. Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster. When Do We Get to Call Someone a Terrorist? Memorization, not rationalization. For Writers Of Research Papers Gibaldi! That is the advice of good transitions in an essay, my 13-year-old daughter, Esmee, as I struggle to make sense of a paragraph of notes for an upcoming Earth Science test on minerals. “Minerals have crystal systems which are defined by the # of for writers of research papers 7th ed, axis and way to write quickly the length of the axis that intersect the crystal faces.” That’s how the notes start, and they only get murkier after that. Mla Handbook For Writers 7th Ed! When I ask Esmee what this actually means, she gives me her homework credo. Esmee is in the eighth grade at the NYC Lab Middle School for Collaborative Studies, a selective public school in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan.

My wife and write I have noticed since she started there in February of last year that she has a lot of of research 7th ed gibaldi, homework. We moved from physics Pacific Palisades, California, where Esmee also had a great deal of mla handbook for writers papers 7th ed, homework at high outline Paul Revere Charter Middle School in Brentwood. Of Research Gibaldi! I have found, at both schools, that whenever I bring up the homework issue with teachers or administrators, their response is that they are required by the state to on idealism and realism, cover a certain amount of for writers 7th ed, material. Essay On Idealism And Realism! There are standardized tests, and everyone—students, teachers, schools—is being evaluated on those tests. I’m not interested in the debates over gibaldi teaching to the test or No Child Left Behind. What I am interested in is what my daughter is high essay doing during those nightly hours between 8 o’clock and midnight, when she finally gets to bed. During the school week, she averages three to four hours of for writers papers, homework a night and six and physics coursework a half hours of sleep. Some evenings, when we force her to go to bed, she will pretend to go to sleep and then get back up and mla handbook papers continue to do homework for another hour. The following mornings are awful, my daughter teary-eyed and exhausted but still trudging to school. I wonder: What is the exact nature of the essay on diwali work that is turning her into a sleep-deprived teen zombie so many mornings? I decide to do my daughter’s homework for one typical week.

By late afternoon, I am tired after filing a magazine article on of research 7th ed gibaldi deadline. I’m not looking forward to homework. When I arrive home, a few minutes ahead of Esmee, I consider delaying my week of homework, but then I realize that Esmee can never put off her week of homework. So I am relieved when she tells me she doesn’t have much tonight. We have 11 algebra equations. (Esmee’s algebra class is doing a section on gcse physics method polynomials, a word I haven’t heard in decades.) We also have to read 79 pages of Angela’s Ashes and find “three important and powerful quotes from the section with 1–2 sentence analyses of its [ sic ] significance.” There is mla handbook for writers papers gibaldi also the Earth Science test tomorrow on minerals. I am surprised by the amount of reading. Reading and writing is what I do for a living, but in my middle age, I’ve slowed down. Gcse Physics Resistance Wire Method! So a good day of reading for me, assuming I like the of research papers gibaldi book and I’m not looking for quotable passages, is between 50 and essay people reflection 100 pages. Seventy-nine pages while scanning for usable material—for a magazine essay or for homework—seems like at least two hours of reading.

But the math is easier than I thought. We are simplifying equations, which involves reducing (–18m 2 n) 2 ? (–(1/6)mn 2 ) to for writers 7th ed, –54m 5 n 4 , which I get the hang of again after Esmee’s good instructions. I breeze through those 11 equations in high outline essay, about 40 minutes and even correct Esmee when she gets one wrong. (I think. I may be overconfident.) I then start reading Angela’s Ashes while Esmee studies for Earth Science. We have only one copy of the book, so we decide it will be more efficient to stagger our work. I’ve never read Angela’s Ashes , and it’s easy to see the appeal. Frank McCourt, whom I once saw give a beautiful tribute to Peter Matthiessen at a Paris Review Revel, is engaging and mla handbook 7th ed gibaldi funny.

But after 30 minutes I am only about 16 pages in, and way to Esmee has finished studying for Earth Science and needs the book. So we switch. Mla Handbook For Writers Of Research! It is now time for me to struggle with Earth Science. Essay In Marathi Language On Diwali! The textbook Esmee’s class is mla handbook papers using is simply called Earth Science and was written by Edward J. Tarbuck and Frederick K. Lutgens. “The term synergistic applies to the combined efforts of Tarbuck and Lutgens,” says the biographical note at the beginning. “Early in their careers, they shared frustrations with the limited availability of good transitions to use essay, textbooks designed for non-majors.” So they rolled up their sleeves and mla handbook for writers papers 7th ed gibaldi wrote their own textbook, which reads exactly like every other textbook. “If you look again at Table 1,” begins the essay and realism section on for writers of research papers 7th ed gibaldi silicates, “you can see that the two most abundant elements in Earth’s crust are silicon and oxygen.” I spend the next five minutes looking for Table 1, which is 12 pages earlier in the book. Then come carbonates, oxides, the sulfates and sulfides, halides, and—I am asleep after about good transitions in an essay 20 minutes. When I wake up, I go out to find Esmee in the living room, where she is buried in for writers of research 7th ed, Angela’s Ashes. I struggle with Earth Science for another half hour, attempting to memorize rather than understand, before I give up and decide I have to get my reading done. Since Esmee is using our copy of Angela’s Ashes , I figure I will just read another 63 pages of the novel Mr.

Penumbra’s 24-Hour Bookstore , which I started yesterday. I don’t make it. I’m asleep for good after about 15 pages. Esmee stays up until a little after midnight to finish her reading. I don’t remember how much homework was assigned to me in eighth grade.

I do know that I didn’t do very much of on diwali, it and that what little I did, I did badly. My study habits were atrocious. After school I often went to for writers 7th ed gibaldi, friends’ houses, where I sometimes smoked marijuana, and then I returned home for dinner; after lying to in marathi language on diwali, my parents about not having homework that night, I might have caught an hour or two of mla handbook papers 7th ed gibaldi, television. In Southern California in the late ’70s, it was totally plausible that an eighth grader would have no homework at all. If my daughter came home and best write quickly said she had no homework, I would know she was lying. It is inconceivable that her teachers wouldn’t assign any.

What has changed? It seems that while there has been widespread panic about American students’ falling behind their peers in Singapore, Shanghai, Helsinki, and for writers papers gibaldi everywhere else in science and mathematics, the length of the physics method school day is of research gibaldi about the same. The school year hasn’t been extended. On Idealism And Realism! Student-teacher ratios don’t seem to have changed much. No, our children are going to catch up with those East Asian kids on mla handbook for writers of research papers their own damn time. Every parent I know in New York City comments on how much homework their children have. These lamentations are a ritual whenever we are gathered around kitchen islands talking about our kids’ schools. Well, imagine if after putting in a full day at the office—and school is pretty much what our children do for a job—you had to come home and do another four or so hours of office work. Essay Language! Monday through Friday. Plus Esmee gets homework every weekend. If your job required that kind of work after work, how long would you last?

My younger daughter, Lola, 11, is a little jealous that I am spending my evenings doing homework with her sister. I tell her she should be happy she doesn’t have so much homework that I find it worth investigating. She agrees with this, but still makes me feel so guilty about it that I let her watch Pretty Little Liars , her favorite show. The co-op board meets—and over mla handbook for writers of research my objections makes me secretary—before I can start on Esmee’s homework. Tonight we have 12 more algebra equations, 45 more pages of Angela’s Ashes , and gcse coursework a Humanities project for which we have to write one to two pages in the style of 7th ed gibaldi, The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian , the best way to write young-adult novel by Sherman Alexie.

There is also a Spanish test tomorrow on irregular verbs. The algebra is fast becoming my favorite part of of research papers gibaldi, this project. To Use In An! I may have picked an easy week, but something about combining like terms, inverting negative exponents, and then simplifying equations causes a tingle in a part of my brain that is for writers papers usually dormant. Also, the work is finite: just 12 equations. The Spanish, however, presents a completely different challenge. Here, Esmee shows me that we have to memorize the conjugations of the future tense of regular and irregular verbs, and she slides me a sheet with tener , tendre , tendras , tendra , tendremos , etc., multiplied by dozens of verbs. My daughter has done a commendable job memorizing the conjugations. But when I ask her what the verb tener means (“to have,” if I recall), she repeats, “Memorization, not rationalization.”

She doesn’t know what the essay people words mean. I spend a few minutes looking over the material, attempting to memorize the list of verbs and conjugations. Then it takes me about half an hour to memorize the three most common conjugation patterns. Mla Handbook For Writers Papers 7th Ed! I decide to skip the irregular verbs. Esmee already worked on her Spanish this afternoon, so she goes right to the Humanities project, which she has been looking forward to. She calls her project “The Ten Secrets to Being the Only Sane Person in Your Family.” No.

6: Don’t Listen to Anything Your Father Says. I decide that the diary I am keeping about doing homework will be my Humanities project. Soon it’s 11 p.m., and best I start bugging Esmee to go to of research papers gibaldi, bed. She takes a shower, then reads in bed for a few minutes before nodding off at high school essay about 11:40. I sneak in mla handbook for writers gibaldi, and grab her copy of Angela’s Ashes and catch up on transitions to use in an essay my reading, getting all the way to page 120. The hardship of too much homework pales in comparison with the McCourt family’s travails. Still, because we are sharing our copy of Angela’s Ashes , I end up going to bed an mla handbook for writers gibaldi hour after Esmee.

One evening when Esmee was in essay on idealism, sixth grade, I walked into mla handbook of research, her room at best way to 1:30 a.m. to find her red-eyed, exhausted, and starting on mla handbook 7th ed gibaldi her third hour of math. This was partially her fault, as she had let a couple of days’ worth of worksheets pile up, but it was also the nature of the work itself. One assignment had her calculating the area and perimeter of high essay, a series of shapes so complex that my wife, who trained as an architect in the Netherlands, spent half an hour on it before coming up with the right answers. The problem was not the complexity of the of research gibaldi work, it was the amount of calculating required. The measurements included numbers like 78 13/64, and all this multiplying and dividing was to be done without a calculator. Gcse Coursework Resistance Wire Method! Another exercise required Esmee to find the mla handbook of research gibaldi distance from Sacramento—we were living in California—to every other state capital in America, in miles and kilometers. This last one caused me to question the value of the homework. What possible purpose could this serve?, I asked her teacher in essay, a meeting. She explained that this sort of cross-disciplinary learning—state capitals in a math class—was now popular.

She added that by now, Esmee should know all her state capitals. She went on to say that in class, when the students had been asked to for writers of research, name the capital of Texas, Esmee answered Texas City. But this is a math class, I said. I don’t even know the state capitals. The teacher was unmoved, saying that she felt the essay reflection homework load was reasonable.

If Esmee was struggling with the work, then perhaps she should be moved to a remedial class. That night, in an e-mail chain started by mla handbook papers 7th ed gibaldi the class parent to high essay, seek chaperones for a field trip, I removed the teacher’s name, changed the subject line, and then asked the other parents in the class whether their children found the homework load onerous. After a few minutes, replies started coming in from parents along the lines of mla handbook of research 7th ed, “Thank God, we thought we were the only ones,” “Our son has been up until 2 a.m. Best Way To Write An Essay Quickly! crying,” and so forth. Half the class’s parents responded that they thought too much homework was an issue. Since then, I’ve been wary of mla handbook for writers of research papers gibaldi, Esmee’s workload, and I’ve often suspected that teachers don’t have any idea about the cumulative amount of homework the kids are assigned when they are taking five academic classes. There is high school outline little to no coordination among teachers in most schools when it comes to assignments and test dates. This morning, we attended Lola’s class “celebration” of the Revolutionary War. The class had prepared dioramas of the role women played in the Revolution, the for writers of research 7th ed gibaldi Boston Massacre, the Battle of Yorktown, and other signal events of the period. In hand-drawn murals explaining the causes of the conflict, the main theme was that excessive and unfair taxation had caused the colonies to an essay, rebel. For Writers Papers Gibaldi! The British had run up massive debts in the French and Indian War and wanted the colonists to repay them. The colonies also wanted, several children added, freedom.

When pressed as to what that meant, they seemed unsure, until one boy came up with “Freedom to transitions to use essay, do what they want!” I came home and took a nap. My older daughter’s homework load this evening is just seven algebra equations, studying for a Humanities test on industrialization, and more Earth Science. This algebra unit, on polynomials, seems to be a matter of for writers papers, remembering a few tricks. Though I struggle with converting from standard notation—for example, converting 0.00009621 to essay people, scientific notation is for writers 7th ed gibaldi tricky (it’s 9.621 ? 10 ?5 , which makes no intuitive sense to gcse resistance wire, me)—it is pleasing that at some point I arrive at gibaldi an answer, right or wrong, and my work is done and the teacher will give me credit for doing my homework. Earth Science is something else.

I’ve been dreading returning to Tarbuck and Lutgens since our first meeting. And tonight, the good transitions in an essay chapter starts in the familiar dispiriting monotone. Of Research Papers Gibaldi! “Rocks are any solid mass of high school outline, mineral or mineral-like matter occurring naturally as part of our planet.” But I am pleasantly surprised when TL take a turn into the rock cycle, laying out the differences between igneous, sedimentary, and papers gibaldi metamorphic rock in terms that are easy to understand and visualize. The accompanying charts are helpful, and as I keep reading into the chapter on igneous rocks, the differences between intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks make clear sense. The upcoming test in Humanities will focus on John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, monopolies and trusts, laissez-faire capitalism, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, the foundation of and realism, labor unions, the imposition of factory safety standards, and the populist response to the grim conditions of the working man during the Industrial Revolution. My daughter has a study guide she is ready to print out. But our printer has just broken.

We end up borrowing our neighbor’s printer. The logistics of mla handbook for writers of research 7th ed, picking up the printer, bringing it over to our apartment, downloading the software, and then printing take about half an hour. The study guide covers a wide range of topics, from on idealism and realism how Rockefeller gained control of the oil industry, to mla handbook of research 7th ed, the rise of monopolies and best write an essay trusts, to the Sherman Antitrust Act, to the Triangle Shirtwaist fire. Esmee and mla handbook for writers of research papers I have a pretty long talk about the causes of the tragedy—the locked doors that prevented the young girls from taking breaks, stealing merchandise, or escaping the in marathi flames; the flammable waste material that had been allowed to accumulate—that leads to a discussion about trade unionism and mla handbook for writers papers then about capitalism in general. This is, I realize, a logical continuation of the essay on idealism conversation in my younger daughter’s class this morning, which started with unwieldy dioramas and implausible impersonations of King George. Mla Handbook For Writers Papers Gibaldi! Freedom, in the form of unfettered capitalism, also has its downside.

I tell her my view: laborers have to organize into unions, because otherwise those who control the capital have all the power. “That’s why it’s called capitalism,” Esmee says, “not laborism.” She falls asleep reading Angela’s Ashes . My daughter has the misfortune of living through a period of peak homework. It turns out on diwali, that there is no correlation between homework and achievement. According to a 2005 study by the Penn State professors Gerald K. For Writers Of Research Papers Gibaldi! LeTendre and David P. Transitions Essay! Baker, some of the countries that score higher than the for writers of research 7th ed U.S. on testing in the Trends in way to write, International Mathematics and Science Study—Japan and Denmark, for example—give less homework, while some of those scoring lower, including Thailand and Greece, assign more.

Why pile on mla handbook for writers of research papers the homework if it doesn’t make even a testable difference, and in fact may be harmful? “It’s a response to this whole globalized, competitive process,” says Richard Walker, a co-author of the book Reforming Homework . “You get parents demanding their children get more homework because their children are competing against the whole world.” The irony is that some countries where the gcse physics coursework wire method school systems are held up as models for our schools have been going in the opposite direction of the U.S., giving less homework and implementing narrower curricula built to encourage deeper understanding rather than broader coverage. In the U.S., or at least in the schools my daughters have attended, there has been no sign of teachers’ letting up on homework. Of Research 7th Ed! According to a University of Michigan study, the average time spent weekly on homework increased from two hours and 38 minutes in 1981 to three hours and 58 minutes in 2004. Data from a 2007 National Center for Education Statistics survey showed American students between grades nine and 12 doing an gcse physics coursework resistance wire average of mla handbook for writers papers 7th ed gibaldi, 6.8 hours of homework a week—which sounds pretty reasonable compared with what my daughter is assigned—and 42 percent of students saying they have homework five or more days a week. Esmee has hours of homework every night. She would be jealous of high outline, her Finnish counterparts, who average only for writers of research 7th ed gibaldi, 30 minutes a night. Attitudes toward homework swing in cycles of roughly 30 years, according to Harris Cooper, a professor of education at Duke University and the author of The Battle Over Homework . We went from piling on the homework because of fears of a science gap brought on by Sputnik in the late 1950s, to backing off in the Woodstock generation of the ’70s amid worries about best way to write quickly overstressing kids, to the ’90s fears of falling behind East Asian students.

The current backlash against homework has been under way so long—expressed in books like 2006’s The Case Against Homework , by Sara Bennett and Nancy Kalish, and in the 2009 documentary film Race to Nowhere —that we may now be living through a backlash against gibaldi, the backlash, at least in elite schools. “We’re in a heavy-homework part of the cycle,” Cooper says. “The increasing competition for elite high schools and colleges has parents demanding more homework.” Back in California, when I raised the issue of too much homework on that e?mail chain, about essay in marathi language on diwali half the parents were pleased that someone had brought this up, and many had already spoken to the math teacher about mla handbook for writers of research papers it. School Essay! Others were eager to approach school officials. But at for writers of research papers 7th ed least one parent didn’t agree, and forwarded the whole exchange to the teacher in question. As the school outline essay person who instigated the conversation, I was called in to 7th ed, the vice principal’s office and accused of cyberbullying.

I suggested that parents’ meeting to discuss their children’s education was generally a positive thing; we merely chose to have our meeting in cyberspace instead of the school cafeteria. He disagreed, saying the teacher felt threatened. And he added that students weren’t allowed to physics coursework resistance, cyberbully, so parents should be held to the same standard. I explained that we never intended for the teacher to read those notes. This was a forum where we were airing our concerns. What was frustrating me was that the underlying issue of ridiculous amounts of mla handbook gibaldi, busywork was getting buried beneath the supposed method we had used to to use in an, discuss the issue. Even when I showed the vice principal examples of the homework assignments, he didn’t see them as outside the mla handbook for writers papers gibaldi usual in terms of content or time commitment. I left believing I hadn’t solved the problem. Yet something did change. Over the next few months, the math teacher assigned a more manageable workload. My daughter now went to language, bed before 10 o’clock most nights.

Parent-teacher conferences at the Lab School are similar to what I imagine speed dating to be like. Of Research Papers Gibaldi! Each conference is three minutes, and gcse physics resistance parents can attend an for writers of research papers 7th ed afternoon or evening session. My wife and I choose the afternoon. The conferences are strictly first come, first served. At noon, my wife and I sit in chairs outside each classroom waiting our turn, sometimes for as long as 45 minutes.

A student is supposed to school, be timing each conference, but the students often wander off, and mla handbook for writers of research papers gibaldi the teachers ignore the parents’ knocking after three minutes. In each conference, I urge the teachers to give less homework. A problem often arises, I explain, in the total lack of coordination among classes. High School Essay! A Humanities assignment requiring the kids to render in words, pictures, or both a scene from Angela’s Ashes , say, can take an hour or two, yet most teachers don’t seem to consider anything creative to be homework. The creative stuff, like drawing or writing a short story or preparing a scene from a play, is all extra, to mla handbook gibaldi, be completed in addition to the hours of humanities, math, science, and Spanish.

The teachers usually respond in one of two ways. They nod sympathetically and and realism agree that the kids do have a lot of work, as if they have nothing to do with the assigning of it. Or they say that time management is one of the skills that a successful high-school student will need, and if my daughter wants to perform in mla handbook papers gibaldi, an elite high school, she had better learn that in middle school. Essay Portrait Reflection! Both answers amount to essentially the of research same argument: the vast amounts of homework are somehow handed down from on high, and transitions in an essay mere teachers can do nothing to tamper with the ordained quantities. Because I happen to be in of research, the middle of gcse physics resistance, my week of mla handbook for writers papers 7th ed, homework when this year’s parent-teacher conferences take place, I am uniquely equipped to discuss the work Esmee is doing. And over the years, I have noticed that the amount of homework does let up, slightly, after the conferences—if enough parents complain. However, there is always a clique of parents who are happy with the amount of physics resistance method, homework. In fact, they would prefer more . I tend not to get along with that type of parent. At a meeting with Esmee’s Earth Science teacher, I find out papers 7th ed gibaldi, that my daughter has in essay language, fact not been giving me all the work.

There is mla handbook of research papers 7th ed gibaldi a worksheet, for example, requiring a reinterpretation and annotation of the rock cycle that Esmee never handed over. The teacher finds an gcse physics wire method extra copy for of research papers gibaldi me. So I have another date with Tarbuck and Lutgens. When I get home, Esmee tells me she got a C on essay her math homework from the night before because she hadn’t made an answer column. Mla Handbook Gibaldi! Her correct answers were there, at school essay the end of each neatly written-out equation, yet they weren’t segregated into a separate column on the right side of each page. I’m amazed that the pettiness of this doesn’t seem to bother her. School is training her well for the inanities of adult life. Our math homework this evening is practicing multiplying a polynomial by a monomial, and we breeze through it in about half an hour.

Then we have to of research papers, translate some song lyrics from Spanish to English. Esmee’s Spanish teacher already told my wife and coursework resistance wire me in our conference this afternoon that she can tell when the kids use Google Translate—which is all the time. It’s a wonder: simply type in the lyrics, copy down the translation, and mla handbook then, in an attempt to throw off the teacher, add a few mistakes. So Si te quedas a mi lado, si te subes en el tren , which Google renders as “If you stay by physics coursework wire my side, if you get on the train,” becomes “If you stay by my side, if you go up on the train.” And, at last, more Angela’s Ashes . The more immersed I become in Esmee’s homework, the more reassured I am that the teachers, principals, and school-board members who are coming up with this curriculum are earnest about their work. They are making difficult decisions about what to teach or not teach in of research papers gibaldi, the limited class time they have. The overall education being imparted is outline essay secular, humanistic, multicultural, and intensely quantitative. The math Esmee is mla handbook of research papers gibaldi doing at 13, for example, is beyond what I was doing at best way to an essay quickly that age. Mla Handbook Of Research Papers 7th Ed! Of course, there are gaps—so far as I can tell, Esmee has spent her entire life studying American history, with several years on Native Americans, and absolutely nothing on, say, China, Japan, India, England post-1776, France after Lafayette, Germany, Russia, etc. Essay Portrait! Like many parents, I wish there was more emphasis on creative work, on writing assignments that didn’t require Esmee to use eight “transition words” and seven metaphors. This school has clearly made choices—these kids are going to get very good at algebra and of research papers gibaldi maybe a little less good at creative writing.

I can’t say I fault them in this, though I know what I would prefer to spend my days doing. If Esmee masters the material covered in her classes, she will emerge as a well-rounded, socially aware citizen, a serious reader with good reasoning capabilities and portrait a decent knowledge of the universe she lives in. What more can I ask of mla handbook for writers of research papers 7th ed, her school? But are these many hours of in marathi language on diwali, homework the only way to papers gibaldi, achieve this metamorphosis of child into virtuous citizen? According to my daughter’s teachers, principals, and administrators, the answer is an emphatic yes. Certainly, they have told me, all the homework does no harm. As I watch my daughter struggle through school days on too little sleep and feel almost guilty if she wants to watch an hour of television instead of advancing a few yards in the trench warfare of her weekly homework routine, I have my doubts. When would she ever have time to, say, read a book for pleasure?

Or write a story or paint a picture or play the guitar? I can’t imagine there will be a magical reduction in homework assignments anytime soon. But what I will continue to do at every opportunity is remind teachers that if each is write an essay assigning an hour of mla handbook papers 7th ed, homework a night, and the average kid is taking four or five academic classes, then that is simply an in marathi on diwali unrealistic cumulative workload. Give the kids a break. Once in a while. For Writers Of Research 7th Ed Gibaldi! I don’t expect teachers to drastically curtail their assignments, just to occasionally lighten the load. Of course, I may just be balancing the scales against essay, those parents asking for for writers of research gibaldi extra assignments for their child. Has this worked? Well, it did in Brentwood, even if it took parental pressure. And though I can’t draw a causal line between my day of speed dating—I mean, going to parent-teacher conferences—at the Lab School and a reduction in homework assignments, it did seem to me that in the months afterward, Esmee was able to get more sleep. At least a couple of minutes’ worth.

Esmee just started high school. She has told me she feels that the many hours of homework in middle school have prepared her well. Transitions In An! “There is no way they can give me more homework,” she reasons. I have my doubts. As for Lola: When it came time to select a middle school, she took the mla handbook of research papers gibaldi admissions test for essay Lab and listed it as her first choice, despite my telling her that in my view, the school is too rigidly focused on academics and assigns too much homework. Lola, always competitive with her older sister, replies that she is good at homework.

She’s going to need to be. She was accepted at Lab. Lola is sleeping over at gibaldi a friend’s house. Essay! Esmee hasn’t started her weekend homework yet. Instead, she’s watching episodes of Portlandia on her computer. The weekend homework includes another 15 algebra equations, studying for a Spanish test on Monday, and, of course, more Angela’s Ashes . She also has an algebra midterm on Tuesday.

I tell Esmee that this seems strange—didn’t she just have an algebra midterm? She says that in mla handbook 7th ed, her class, they have more than one midterm every term. My wife and high I decide to of research papers 7th ed gibaldi, go out to dinner, and on our way up Hudson Street, we run into another couple we are close friends with. This couple’s oldest daughter also goes to Lab. She’s at home doing homework. We stand on the sidewalk for a few minutes, chatting. The husband is smoking a joint, and gcse physics he hands it over. I haven’t smoked in a few months, but it’s Friday night and I’ve been doing homework all week. Mla Handbook Of Research 7th Ed! I take a few tokes. We part ways, and my wife and I go to a Japanese restaurant, where, as soon as I am seated, I regret smoking. It’s going to be hell trying to do algebra tonight with the way to an essay quickly head I have on right now.

Nonetheless, when I’m home, I sit at the dining table and attempt to work my way through the polynomial worksheet. I am immediately lost in all the 2x(–3y5+ 3x2)6s. The numbers that were so familiar and reassuring just yesterday have become repellent. For Writers Of Research 7th Ed! I realize, sitting there, failing to solve my algebra homework, that I have inadvertently yet perfectly re-created my own eighth-grade homework conditions: getting stoned, attempting math, and failing at it. I consider my daughter, who to my knowledge has never smoked marijuana. That’s a good thing, I think in best, my hazy state. I wouldn’t wish this condition—attempting algebra when high—on anyone. One of the reasons I believe my daughter hasn’t yet tried marijuana is because she simply doesn’t have the time.

I decide to give up on mla handbook for writers of research papers algebra for the night. It’s only Friday, and I have until Monday to finish my homework. Mass Shootings in the United States: 'This Is Who We Are' In the wake of Las Vegas, only outline essay, one thing is certain, according to James Fallows: it will happen again. The Things People Say Right Before They Leave the Trump Administration. The secretary of state denied he was close to quitting, but did not explicitly reject a news report that said he called President Trump a “moron.” Rex Tillerson’s forceful defense of President Trump, after an NBC News report said the secretary of state had called the commander-in-chief a “moron” and 7th ed seriously considered quitting his job, offered few clues about his eventual fate. Essay And Realism! From Sean Spicer to Steve Bannon and Reince Priebus, it’s not uncommon for Trump’s aides to defend the president—right before being shown the for writers 7th ed gibaldi door. Tillerson, the top U.S. In Marathi Language On Diwali! diplomat, may be in a category by himself—but as he reminded everyone on Wednesday: He serves at the pleasure of the president.

“The vice president has never had to persuade me to remain as secretary of state, because I have never considered leaving this post,” Tillerson said in mla handbook for writers of research gibaldi, an unscheduled appearance before the media at essay people the State Department, referring to mla handbook gibaldi, the NBC report. A small group of gcse resistance wire method, programmers wants to change how we code—before catastrophe strikes. T here were six hours during the night of 7th ed gibaldi, April 10, 2014, when the entire population of physics resistance wire method, Washington State had no 911 service. People who called for mla handbook for writers of research papers help got a busy signal. One Seattle woman dialed 911 at least 37 times while a stranger was trying to break into her house. When he finally crawled into her living room through a window, she picked up a kitchen knife. The man fled. The 911 outage, at the time the largest ever reported, was traced to software running on a server in Englewood, Colorado. Operated by a systems provider named Intrado, the server kept a running counter of how many calls it had routed to 911 dispatchers around the country. Intrado programmers had set a threshold for school outline essay how high the counter could go. Mla Handbook Of Research 7th Ed! They picked a number in outline essay, the millions.

Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster. The president told residents to be “very proud” they hadn’t endured a “real catastrophe” like Katrina, doing little to erase the impression that he sees hurricane relief more as a political story than a human one. Making his first appearance in hurricane-ravaged Puerto Rico since Maria’s landfall, President Trump offered a hearty round of congratulations to federal relief efforts and thanked the island’s governor. But the president also suggested Maria was not a “real catastrophe,” made an odd and misleading comparison to the death toll from Hurricane Katrina, and joked about mla handbook of research papers 7th ed how the hurricane would affect the federal budget. It was a typically strange, disjointed appearance by the president, and it came just days after Trump spent much of the weekend picking fights with the mayor of San Juan and insisting that, against best write an essay quickly, all evidence, the recovery effort had largely responded to Puerto Rico’s needs. At Muniz Air Force Base, Trump was eager to praise the for writers of research gibaldi work of federal agencies, including FEMA, the essay reflection Air Force, the Navy, and the Coast Guard, amid a chorus of criticism that Washington’s response has been too slow and mla handbook for writers 7th ed too small. But that praise led him in strange directions. When Do We Get to Call Someone a Terrorist?

There’s a compulsion to keep mental ledgers of the jihadists and non-jihadists. And Realism! But what can these statistics really tell us? Police say the of research 7th ed gibaldi Las Vegas killer was a white American named Steve. Essay In Marathi Language! Two days later, we still know almost nothing else about him. But for some, those facts answer the most important questions: race, nationality, likely religion. For some, those are the most important questions about anyone. The top priority, as soon as blood spills, is to for writers of research papers 7th ed, open the ledger, and see whether to add to the column of white rampage killers with names like Steve or Curtis, or the column of olive-hued foreigners with names like Omar or Abd al-Rahman. Ah hell, who am I kidding?

When I heard the killer’s name, I mentally sorted him into one category and not the other. Maybe you didn’t. But I bet you did. The compulsion to keep these mental ledgers should embarrass us, since all bigotry starts as an unhealthy accounting exercise. (The young Martin Amis asked his father Kingsley, “What is it like to be mildly anti-Semitic?” Kingsley replied: “Very mild, as you say. Best An Essay Quickly! . If I’m watching television I might notice the Jewish names the credits and think, ‘Ah, there’s one! There’s another one!’”) But worse than keeping a ledger is keeping one without knowing it, and worst of all is for writers keeping a crooked set of books. Her music inspires a deep sense of intimacy, yet her fierce privacy is the key to her genius.

From certain angles, it seems entirely remarkable that Joni Mitchell—one of the most cerebral songwriters in modern pop and a woman whose relationship to the spotlight has always been deeply ambivalent—ever became a massive star. From other angles, her ascension seems inevitable. She was so precociously talented that she composed hits in spite of herself, first gaining renown when “Both Sides Now” became a top-10 single for Judy Collins in 1968. Mitchell, who was 25 years old, had only just released her first record. Two years later, her third album, Ladies of the Canyon , closed with the troika of essay and realism, “Big Yellow Taxi,” “Woodstock,” and “The Circle Game,” three of the most iconic songs of of research, a generation, rattled off almost as an afterthought.

The following year brought Blue , now recognized by many as her masterpiece. This summer—almost half a century later— Blue topped NPR Music’s list of “The 150 Greatest Albums Made by Women,” compiled by essay on idealism a panel of nearly 50 contributors. How did Josh Tetrick’s vegan-mayo company become a Silicon Valley darling—and what is he really selling? O n a recent Friday morning, Josh Tetrick, the 37-year-old CEO and co-founder of Hampton Creek, fixed his unblinking blue eyes on a job candidate. The pair was sitting at a workstation near the entrance to the company’s warehouselike San Francisco headquarters, where Tetrick frequently holds meetings in plain view of the company’s more than 130 employees. Around Tetrick—a muscular ex-linebacker in jeans and a T-shirt—was even more Tetrick: a poster of him watching Bill Gates eat a muffin, a framed photograph of 7th ed gibaldi, him with a golden retriever, an employee’s T-shirt emblazoned with “What would you attempt if you knew you could not fail?”—one of essay and realism, Tetrick’s many slogans. (Others include “What would it look like if we just started over?” and “Be gorilla.”) Do Cultural Differences Change What Depression Feels Like? The contrasting ways Chinese people and Westerners express symptoms could point to distinct experiences of the same disorder. Just after lunchtime, on for writers of research papers gibaldi a blistering summer day in Washington, D.C., cultural psychologist Yulia Chentsova-Dutton is showing me the stars. Essay! They’re on her computer screen at Georgetown University, and mla handbook 7th ed labeled disturbingly: insomnia, anhedonia, headache, social withdrawal, chronic pain, and more. Each star represents a somatic or emotional sensation linked to depression.

Chentsova-Dutton’s father was an best way to quickly astronomer. She’s found a way to use what he studied, the night sky, to understand her own research: how culture can influence the mla handbook of research 7th ed gibaldi way we feel and express emotion. If you look up, there are thousands of stars, she says. You can’t possibly take them all in. Good Transitions In An Essay! So, each culture has invented schemas to remember them by, constellations.

She pushes a button, and several of the depression stars are connected by a thin yellow line. The foundation of mla handbook of research 7th ed, Donald Trump’s presidency is the in marathi language on diwali negation of Barack Obama’s legacy. It is insufficient to state the mla handbook for writers gibaldi obvious of Donald Trump: that he is a white man who would not be president were it not for this fact. With one immediate exception, Trump’s predecessors made their way to high office through the passive power of whiteness—that bloody heirloom which cannot ensure mastery of all events but can conjure a tailwind for most of them. Land theft and human plunder cleared the good transitions essay grounds for Trump’s forefathers and barred others from it. Once upon the field, these men became soldiers, statesmen, and scholars; held court in Paris; presided at Princeton; advanced into the Wilderness and for writers of research then into the White House.

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To ease a logjam at on idealism the office mainframe, it installed boxy, green-screened terminals in the homes of five employees, allowing them to for writers papers gibaldi, work from way to home. The idea of telecommuting was still a novelty. Papers 7th Ed Gibaldi! But this little solution seemed effective. By 1983, about 2,000 IBMers were working remotely. The corporation eventually realized that it could save millions by selling its signature buildings and good to use institutionalizing distance work; the number of remote workers ballooned. In 2009, an IBM report boasted that “40 percent of IBM’s some 386,000 employees in 173 countries have no office at mla handbook of research 7th ed all.” More than 58 million square feet of essay people, office space had been unloaded, at mla handbook for writers of research 7th ed gibaldi a gain of good to use essay, nearly $2 billion.

IBM, moreover, wanted to help other corporations reap the same officeless efficiencies through its consulting services. Leading by mla handbook for writers of research papers 7th ed gibaldi example was good marketing. What's Happening With the high essay Relief Effort in Puerto Rico? A timeline of the unprecedented catastrophe of Hurricane Maria. What is happening in Puerto Rico? Since the storm made landfall on September 20, Hurricane Maria has wreaked havoc on the island, causing a level of widespread destruction and for writers of research papers 7th ed disorganization paralleled by essay and realism few storms in of research gibaldi, American history. Almost two weeks after the storm abated, most of the island’s residents still lack access to electricity and in marathi language on diwali clean water. From a meteorological standpoint, Maria was nearly a worst-case scenario for the territory: The center of a huge, nearly Category 5 hurricane made a direct hit on Puerto Rico, lashing the mla handbook of research gibaldi island with wind and rain for longer than 30 hours. Best An Essay Quickly! “It was as if a 50- to 60-mile-wide tornado raged across Puerto Rico, like a buzz saw,” Jeff Weber, a meteorologist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, has told Vox . What If Everyone Ate Beans Instead of Beef? What can an individual do about for writers of research 7th ed gibaldi climate change?

The easiest answer: make this one dietary switch. Depression, anxiety, overeating, addiction, and all other mental disorders share a common mechanism. Research shows that using curse words can persuade everyone from voters to your co-workers. Get 10 issues a year and save 65% off the cover price.

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The Aspiring Novelist Who Became Obama’s Foreign-Policy Guru. How Ben Rhodes rewrote the rules of diplomacy for the digital age. By DAVID SAMUELS MAY 5, 2016. P icture him as a young man, standing on the waterfront in North Williamsburg, at a polling site, on Sept. 11, 2001, which was Election Day in New York City. He saw the mla handbook for writers 7th ed gibaldi planes hit the towers, an unforgettable moment of sheer disbelief followed by panic and physics resistance method, shock and lasting horror, a scene that eerily reminded him, in the aftermath, of the cover of the Don DeLillo novel “Underworld.” Everything changed that day. Mla Handbook? But the to use way it changed Ben Rhodes’s life is still unique, and mla handbook for writers of research papers 7th ed gibaldi, perhaps not strictly believable, even as fiction.

He was in the second year of the M.F.A. Transitions To Use? program at N.Y.U., writing short stories about losers in garden apartments and imagining that soon he would be published in literary magazines, acquire an agent and produce a novel by the time he turned 26. He saw the first tower go down, and after that he walked around for a while, until he ran into someone he knew, and they went back to her shared Williamsburg apartment and tried to mla handbook for writers papers, find a television that worked, and when he came back outside, everyone was taking pictures of the towers in flames. He saw an Arab guy sobbing on essay and realism the subway. “That image has always stayed with me,” he says. “Because I think he knew more than we did about for writers of research papers 7th ed gibaldi what was going to happen.” Writing Frederick Barthelme knockoffs suddenly seemed like a waste of time. “I immediately developed this idea that, you know, maybe I want to try to write about international affairs,” he explained. “In retrospect, I had no idea what that meant.” His mother’s closest friend growing up ran the Carnegie Endowment for essay in marathi language, International Peace, which then published Foreign Policy. He sent her a letter and included what would wind up being his only piece of for writers papers published fiction, a short story that appeared in The Beloit Fiction Journal. It was titled “The Goldfish Smiles, You Smile Back.” The story still haunts him, he says, because “it foreshadowed my entire life.” It’s the day of President Obama’s final State of the essay in marathi language Union address, Jan. 12, and the news inside the mla handbook for writers of research White House is not good.

Luckily, the people portrait reflection reporters on the couch in the West Wing waiting room don’t know it yet. The cream of the crop are here this early p.m. for a private, off-the-record lunch with the president, who will preview his annual remarks to Congress over a meal that is mla handbook for writers papers 7th ed gibaldi reported to essay in marathi language, be among the best in the White House chef’s repertoire. “Blitzer!” a man calls out. Of Research 7th Ed? A small figure in a long navy cashmere overcoat turns around, in mock surprise. “You don’t write, you don’t call,” Wolf Blitzer, the CNN anchorman, parries. “Well, you can call,” shoots back his former colleague Roland Martin.

Their repartee thus concluded, they move on to the mutually fascinating subject of Washington traffic jams. “I used to have a 9:30 hit on CNN,” Martin reminisces. “The office was 8.2 miles from my home. It took me 45 minutes.” The CBS News anchor Scott Pelley tells a story about how members of the gcse physics coursework method press destroyed the for writers 7th ed lawn during the Monica Lewinsky scandal and on idealism, were told that they would be allowed back once the grass was replanted. The National Park Service replanted the mla handbook of research papers gibaldi grass outside the White House, but the journalists weren’t allowed back on the lawn. Unnoticed by the reporters, Ben Rhodes walks through the room, a half-beat behind a woman in leopard-print heels. He is gcse physics coursework resistance wire holding a phone to his ear, repeating his mantra: “I’m not important. You’re important.” The Boy Wonder of the of research gibaldi Obama White House is now 38. He heads downstairs to his windowless basement office, which is essay on idealism divided into for writers of research two parts.

In the front office, his assistant, Rumana Ahmed, and high school essay, his deputy, Ned Price, are squeezed behind desks, which face a large television screen, from which CNN blares nonstop. Large pictures of Obama adorn the walls. Here is the mla handbook of research 7th ed president adjusting Rhodes’s tie; presenting his darling baby daughter, Ella, with a flower; and smiling wide while playing with Ella on a giant rug that says “E Pluribus Unum.” For much of the high school outline past five weeks, Rhodes has been channeling the president’s consciousness into of research what was imagined as an optimistic, forward-looking final State of the Union. Best Way To? Now, from the flat screens, a challenge to that narrative arises: Iran has seized two small boats containing 10 American sailors.

Rhodes found out for writers 7th ed gibaldi, about the Iranian action earlier that morning but was trying to keep it out essay in marathi language, of the news until after the mla handbook for writers of research gibaldi president’s speech. “They can’t keep a secret for essay people reflection, two hours,” Rhodes says, with a tone of mild exasperation at papers 7th ed gibaldi the break in essay on idealism and realism message discipline. As the deputy national security adviser for strategic communications, Rhodes writes the president’s speeches, plans his trips abroad and mla handbook of research papers, runs communications strategy across the White House, tasks that, taken individually, give little sense of the importance of his role. He is, according to the consensus of the two dozen current and former White House insiders I talked to, the single most influential voice shaping American foreign policy aside from write an essay Potus himself. Of Research Papers 7th Ed? The president and Rhodes communicate “regularly, several times a day,” according to Denis McDonough, Obama’s chief of staff, who is known for captaining a tight ship. “I see it throughout the portrait day in for writers of research papers person,” he says, adding that he is sure that in addition to the two to essay in marathi, three hours that Rhodes might spend with Obama daily, the two men communicate remotely throughout the day via email and phone calls. Rhodes strategized and ran the successful Iran-deal messaging campaign, helped negotiate the opening of American relations with Cuba after a hiatus of more than 50 years and has been a co-writer of all of Obama’s major foreign-policy speeches. “Every day he does 12 jobs, and mla handbook of research, he does them better than the other people who have those jobs,” Terry Szuplat, the longest-tenured member of the National Security Council speechwriting corps, told me.

On the way to write an essay quickly largest and smallest questions alike, the voice in which America speaks to the world is that of Ben Rhodes. Like Obama, Rhodes is a storyteller who uses a writer’s tools to advance an agenda that is mla handbook of research papers 7th ed packaged as politics but is often quite personal. Gcse Physics Coursework Resistance? He is adept at mla handbook papers 7th ed gibaldi constructing overarching plotlines with heroes and villains, their conflicts and motivations supported by flurries of essay carefully chosen adjectives, quotations and leaks from named and unnamed senior officials. He is the for writers papers master shaper and retailer of best quickly Obama’s foreign-policy narratives, at mla handbook of research papers a time when the killer wave of social media has washed away the sand castles of the traditional press. His ability to navigate and shape this new environment makes him a more effective and powerful extension of the on idealism and realism president’s will than any number of policy advisers or diplomats or spies. Mla Handbook Of Research? His lack of people portrait reflection conventional real-world experience of the papers kind that normally precedes responsibility for the fate of nations — like military or diplomatic service, or even a master’s degree in international relations, rather than creative writing — is essay on diwali still startling. Part of what accounts for Rhodes’s influence is his “mind meld” with the president. Nearly everyone I spoke to about Rhodes used the phrase “mind meld” verbatim, some with casual assurance and others in the hushed tones that are usually reserved for for writers, special insights. He doesn’t think for the president, but he knows what the reflection president is thinking, which is a source of tremendous power. One day, when Rhodes and mla handbook for writers 7th ed, I were sitting in his boiler-room office, he confessed, with a touch of bafflement, “I don’t know anymore where I begin and Obama ends.” Standing in his front office before the State of the Union, Rhodes quickly does the political math on the breaking Iran story. “Now they’ll show scary pictures of people praying to the supreme leader,” he predicts, looking at the screen.

Three beats more, and people, his brain has spun a story line to mla handbook of research gibaldi, stanch the bleeding. He turns to Price. “We’re resolving this, because we have relationships,” he says. Price turns to his computer and begins tapping away at way to quickly the administration’s well-cultivated network of officials, talking heads, columnists and newspaper reporters, web jockeys and outside advocates who can tweet at critics and tweak their stories backed up by quotations from “senior White House officials” and “spokespeople.” I watch the message bounce from Rhodes’s brain to Price’s keyboard to the three big briefing podiums — the of research papers White House, the in marathi State Department and the Pentagon — and across the Twitterverse, where it springs to life in dozens of mla handbook of research 7th ed insta-stories, which over the next five hours don formal dress for coursework, mainstream outlets. It’s a tutorial in the making of for writers papers a digital news microclimate — a storm that is physics resistance easy to mistake these days for a fact of nature, but whose author is sitting next to me right now. Rhodes logs into mla handbook of research 7th ed gibaldi his computer. “It’s the middle of the [expletive] night in Iran,” he grumbles. Price looks up from his keyboard to provide a messaging update: “Considering that they have 10 of our guys in custody, we’re doing O.K.” With three hours to physics coursework, go until the president’s address to Congress, Rhodes grabs a big Gatorade and starts combing through the text of the State of the Union address.

I peek over his shoulder, to mla handbook for writers of research, get a sense of the transitions to use meta-narrative that will shape dozens of thumb-suckers in for writers of research 7th ed gibaldi the days and weeks to to use in an essay, follow. One sentence reads: “But as we focus on destroying ISIL, over-the-top claims that this is for writers gibaldi World War III just play into their hands.” He retypes a word, then changes it back, before continuing with his edit. “Masses of fighters on the back of pickup trucks, twisted souls plotting in apartments or garages — they pose an enormous danger to civilians; they have to be stopped. But they do not threaten our national existence.” Watching Rhodes work, I remember that he is still, chiefly, a writer, who is using a new set of tools — along with the traditional arts of narrative and spin — to create stories of great consequence on the biggest page imaginable. The narratives he frames, the voices of senior officials, the columnists and reporters whose work he skillfully shapes and ventriloquizes, and even the president’s own speeches and talking points, are the only dots of color in a much larger vision about who Americans are and where we are going that Rhodes and the president have been formulating together over essay people portrait reflection the past seven years. When I asked Jon Favreau, Obama’s lead speechwriter in the 2008 campaign, and a close friend of Rhodes’s, whether he or Rhodes or the president had ever thought of mla handbook for writers gibaldi their individual speeches and bits of policy making as part of some larger restructuring of the high outline essay American narrative, he replied, “We saw that as our entire job.” Having recently spent time working in Hollywood, I realize during our conversations that the role Rhodes plays in the White House bears less resemblance to any specific character on Beltway-insider TV shows like “The West Wing” or “House of Cards” than it does to mla handbook of research papers gibaldi, the people who create those shows. And like most TV writers, Rhodes clearly prefers to imagine himself in the company of novelists. “What novel is this that you are living in now and will exit from in eight months and be like, ‘Oh, my God’?” I ask him. “Who would be the author of high this novel?” he asks.

“The one you are a character in for writers of research papers 7th ed gibaldi now?” “Don DeLillo, I think,” Rhodes answers. “I don’t know how you feel about Don DeLillo.” “I love Don DeLillo,” I answer. “Yeah,” Rhodes answers. “That’s the only person I can think of who has confronted these questions of, you know, the individual who finds himself negotiating both vast currents of history and a very specific kind of on idealism power dynamics. That’s his milieu.

And that’s what it’s like to work in the U.S. foreign-policy apparatus in 2016.” It has been rare to find Ben Rhodes’s name in news stories about the large events of the past seven years, unless you are looking for the quotation from an unnamed senior official in Paragraph 9. He is invisible because he is for writers not an egotist, and because he is devoted to the president. But once you are attuned to way to an essay, the distinctive qualities of Rhodes’s voice — which is often laced with aggressive contempt for anyone or anything that stands in of research the president’s way — you can hear him everywhere. Rhodes’s mother and essay, father are not interested in talking about Rhodes. Neither is his older brother, David, who is president of papers CBS News, an high school outline essay, organization that recently revived the effort to declassify the contents of the redacted 28 pages of the Sept. 11 report on the eve of Obama’s visit to mla handbook of research, Saudi Arabia, on which Rhodes, as usual, accompanied the president. Wire? The brothers are close, but they often go months without seeing each other. “He was like the kid who carried the briefcase to school,” Ben says of his brother, who worked at Fox News and Bloomberg before moving to CBS. “I actually didn’t do that great in high school because I was drinking and smoking pot and hanging out in Central Park.” Rhodes’s impassioned yet depressive vibe, which I feel in his stray remarks and in the strangeness of his decision to allow me to roam around the of research papers gibaldi White House, stems in part from essay on diwali feeling overloaded; he wishes he had more time to think and write. His mother is Jewish from the Upper East Side, and worships John Updike, and mla handbook for writers papers 7th ed gibaldi, reads The New Yorker. His father is a Texan lawyer who took his sons to essay on idealism and realism, St. Thomas Episcopal Church once a month, where Rhodes felt like the mla handbook of research 7th ed Jewish kid in church, the gcse resistance method same way he felt like a “Jewish Christian” at Passover Seders.

His New York City prep-school-kid combination of for writers vulnerability, brattiness and passionate hatred for phonies suggests an high school, only slightly updated version of what Holden Caulfield might have been like if he grew up to work in for writers 7th ed gibaldi the West Wing. Rhodes’s windowless back office, which doesn’t have a TV screen, is an oasis of late-night calm in high outline essay a building devoted to mla handbook for writers gibaldi, the performance of power. The walls are painted a soft creamy color, which gives it the feel of an upscale hotel room with the essay on idealism drapes closed. He arrives here every morning between 8 and 9 from a modest two-bedroom apartment in a grad-student-type building in an unpretentious Washington neighborhood around the of research papers 7th ed gibaldi corner from gcse coursework method his favorite post-collegiate bar. Before coming to work, he walks his 1-year-old daughter to mla handbook for writers gibaldi, day care. Gcse Physics Wire Method? Then he drives to papers 7th ed gibaldi, work in his Beamer, which appears to be the one grown-up luxury he and his wife, Ann Norris, who works in the State Department and longs to return to her childhood home of California, can afford. When his wife takes the an essay quickly car, he rides the bus, which offers him a touch of the anonymity he craves. His days at the White House start with the president’s daily briefing, which usually includes the vice president, National Security Adviser Susan Rice, Deputy National Security Adviser Avril Haines and Homeland Security Adviser Lisa Monaco. The books on his shelves are a mix of DeLillo novels, history books, recondite tomes on Cuba and Burma and adventure-wonk stuff like Mark Mazzetti’s “The Way of the Knife.” C. Mla Handbook 7th Ed? S. Best Way To Write Quickly? Lewis makes an appearance here, alongside a volume of mla handbook for writers of research papers Lincoln speeches (Obama tells all his speechwriters to read Lincoln) and George Orwell’s “All Art Is Propaganda.” I have seen the same books on the shelves of school outline essay plenty of Brooklyn apartments. Yet some large part of the recent history of for writers of research gibaldi America and on diwali, its role in for writers the world turns on the fact that the entirely familiar person sitting at the desk in front of me, who seems not unlike other weed-smokers I know who write Frederick Barthelme-type short stories, has achieved a “mind meld” with President Obama and used his skills to gcse resistance, help execute a radical shift in American foreign policy.

So I wonder: How did he get from there to here? The story that Rhodes published in The Beloit Fiction Journal is a good place to start. The goldfish idea, I’m told, had been Ms. Wellberg’s. “Why?” I ask. She is dyed blond, slim, petite, attractive. “You take meticulous notes,” she slurs. The editor at Foreign Policy who read “Goldfish,” which Rhodes attached with his query letter, said that the young M.F.A. would be bored with fact-checking. Instead, he suggested that he apply for a job with Lee Hamilton, the onetime congressman from Indiana, who was looking for a speechwriter. “I was surprised,” Hamilton remembered. “What the hell does a guy who wanted to write fiction come to me for?” But he had always found writers useful, and 7th ed, Rhodes’s writing sample was the physics coursework resistance wire method best in the pile.

So he hired him on at the Wilson Center, a nonpartisan think tank. Though Rhodes never said a word in meetings, Hamilton says, he had a keen understanding of what was going on and a talent for putting the positions of distinguished participants down on paper. 7th Ed? “I immediately understood that it’s a very important quality for a staffer,” Hamilton explained, “that he could come into a meeting and decide what was decided.” I suggested that the phrase “decide what was decided” is suggestive of the enormous power that might accrue to someone with Rhodes’s gifts. Gcse Physics Wire Method? Hamilton nodded. “Absolutely,” he said. The notes go on and on. They have ideas with subsets of ideas and reactions to 7th ed gibaldi, ideas indented beneath the essay on idealism original ideas. Mla Handbook Of Research Papers 7th Ed Gibaldi? The handwriting is perfect. The representation of what happened in the meetings immaculate, like a mirror’s reflection after it has been scrubbed clean. I have a reputation for essay people portrait, my notes. Rhodes served as Hamilton’s staff member on the 9/11 Commission, where he met Denis McDonough, another Hamilton protege, who had gone on to work for Tom Daschle in the Senate.

Rhodes then became the mla handbook of research 7th ed chief note-taker for best way to, the Iraq Study Group, the of research gibaldi bipartisan commission that excoriated George Bush’s war in Iraq. Write An Essay? He accompanied Hamilton and his Republican counterpart on the group, former secretary of state and Bush family intimate James Baker, to for writers of research, their meetings with Colin Powell, Condoleezza Rice, Stephen Hadley, David Petraeus and many others (Vice President Dick Cheney met with the group but didn’t say a word). According to both Hamilton and Edward Djerejian, Baker’s second on the I.S.G., Rhodes’s opinions were helpful in shaping the group’s conclusions — a scathing indictment of the policy makers responsible for invading Iraq. For Rhodes, who wrote much of the people portrait I.S.G. Mla Handbook Of Research Papers Gibaldi? report, the Iraq war was proof, in black and white, not of the complexity of international affairs or the many perils attendant on political decision-making but of the fact that the on diwali decision-makers were morons. One result of this experience was that when Rhodes joined the Obama campaign in 2007, he arguably knew more about the mla handbook 7th ed gibaldi Iraq war than the people candidate himself, or any of his advisers. He had also developed a healthy contempt for the American foreign-policy establishment, including editors and reporters at The New York Times, The Washington Post, The New Yorker and elsewhere, who at first applauded the Iraq war and of research papers 7th ed gibaldi, then sought to pin all the physics blame on Bush and his merry band of neocons when it quickly turned sour. If anything, that anger has grown fiercer during Rhodes’s time in mla handbook gibaldi the White House. Coursework Resistance Wire Method? He referred to the American foreign-policy establishment as the Blob.

According to Rhodes, the Blob includes Hillary Clinton, Robert Gates and other Iraq-war promoters from both parties who now whine incessantly about the of research papers gibaldi collapse of the American security order in Europe and the Middle East. Boost thinks very highly of people portrait reflection me. My notes are so impressive that they have taken on the form of ideas, he feels. I capture other people’s words in a manner that not only organizes them, but inserts a clarity and purpose that was not present in the original idea. Connections are made between two opposing ideas that were not apparent in the meeting. I have gotten at not only the representation of things, but the way that the mind actually works. Jon Favreau, then the campaign’s lead speechwriter, felt as if he could use a foreign-affairs expert who could write. Of Research Papers 7th Ed Gibaldi? “Foreign-policy advisers kept changing all the language that made Obama sound like he wasn’t part of the write an essay Democratic foreign-policy establishment,” he remembers. “The idea of someone with a masters in fiction who had also co-authored the Iraq Study Group and 9/11 Commission reports seemed perfect for a candidate who put so much emphasis on storytelling.” The two young speechwriters quickly found themselves to be in sync. “He truly gives zero [expletive] about what most people in of research 7th ed gibaldi Washington think,” Favreau says admiringly of Rhodes. “I think he’s always seen his time there as temporary and in marathi, won’t care if he’s never again invited to a cocktail party, or asked to appear on ‘Morning Joe,’ or inducted into the Council on Foreign Relations hall of fame or whatever the hell they do there.”

I sit next to Boost in the meetings. The ideas fly like radio waves. I am silent in these meetings, taking notes. “He was easily underestimatable,” Samantha Power recalls, of mla handbook papers 7th ed gibaldi Rhodes’s arrival on the Obama campaign in 2007. Herself a writer, whose history of America’s responses to genocide, “A Problem From Hell,” won the Pulitzer Prize, Power went to work in Obama’s Senate office in 2005. Power is now the high school essay American ambassador to the United Nations. Mla Handbook Papers? Her attire suggests a disingenuous ambivalence about her role in best government that appears to of research papers gibaldi, be common among her cohort in on diwali the Obama administration, with a cardigan made of thick, expensive-looking cashmere worn over for writers 7th ed a simple frock, along with silver spray-painted rock ’n’ roll sneakers.

See, I’m sympatico, the sneakers proclaim. Early on, what struck her about Rhodes was how strategic he was. “He was leading quietly, initially, and mainly just through track changes, like what to accept and reject,” she says. When I ask her where Rhodes’s control over drafts of the candidate’s speeches came from, she immediately answers, “Obama,” but then qualifies her answer. “But it was Hobbesian,” she adds. “He had the pen. And he understood intuitively that having the pen gave him that control.” His judgment was superior to essay people, that of his rivals, and he refused to ever back down. “He was just defiant,” she recalls. “He was like: ‘No, I’m not. That’s bad. Obama wouldn’t want that.’ ” Obama relies on Rhodes for “an unvarnished take,” in mla handbook of research part, she says, because “Ben just has no poker face,” and on idealism, so it’s easy to see when he is feeling uncomfortable. “The president will be like, ‘Ben, something on your mind?’ And then Ben will have this incredibly precise lay-down of why the previous half-hour has been an utter waste of mla handbook for writers of research papers time, because there’s a structural flaw to the entire direction of the conversation.” The literary character that Rhodes most closely resembles, Power volunteers, is Holden Caulfield. “He hates the idea of being phony, and he’s impetuous, and he has very strong views.” In Afghanistan the Taliban dynamites enormous statues of Buddha, the people reflection ancient material imploding and for writers of research papers gibaldi, crumbling to outline, the ground, small specks of mla handbook for writers papers gibaldi men can be seen watching in essay people the foreground.

This is somewhere else. Far away. On his first day in the West Wing, Rhodes remembers thinking how remarkably small the space was, and noticing that the same few dozen people he worked with at campaign headquarters in Chicago were now wearing suits instead of for writers papers gibaldi jeans. The enormousness of the endeavor sank in on that first day, and he realized that for all the high outline prep work, there was no manual for how to be on the staff of the mla handbook gibaldi person who is running the country, particularly at a time when the global economy was in free fall and 180,000 Americans were fighting in Iraq and on idealism, Afghanistan. He became aware of two things at once: the weight of the issues that the mla handbook papers 7th ed gibaldi president was confronted with, and the intense global interest in even the most mundane presidential communications. The job he was hired to do, namely to help the president of the United States communicate with the school public, was changing in equally significant ways, thanks to of research 7th ed gibaldi, the impact of essay in marathi language on diwali digital technologies that people in Washington were just beginning to wrap their minds around. It is mla handbook for writers papers hard for many to absorb the true magnitude of the change in the news business — 40 percent of newspaper-industry professionals have lost their jobs over the past decade — in part because readers can absorb all the news they want from social-media platforms like Facebook, which are valued in the tens and hundreds of essay reflection billions of of research papers 7th ed gibaldi dollars and pay nothing for the “content” they provide to their readers. You have to have skin in the game — to be in the news business, or depend in a life-or-death way on its products — to understand the people portrait radical and qualitative ways in which words that appear in familiar typefaces have changed. Rhodes singled out a key example to me one day, laced with the brutal contempt that is a hallmark of his private utterances. “All these newspapers used to have foreign bureaus,” he said. “Now they don’t.

They call us to explain to them what’s happening in mla handbook 7th ed Moscow and gcse, Cairo. Mla Handbook For Writers Of Research Gibaldi? Most of the physics wire outlets are reporting on world events from Washington. The average reporter we talk to is 27 years old, and mla handbook for writers of research gibaldi, their only best way to write an essay quickly reporting experience consists of mla handbook for writers gibaldi being around political campaigns. Coursework Method? That’s a sea change. Mla Handbook Papers? They literally know nothing.” In this environment, Rhodes has become adept at ventriloquizing many people at once.

Ned Price, Rhodes’s assistant, gave me a primer on how it’s done. The easiest way for the White House to shape the news, he explained, is from the briefing podiums, each of which has its own dedicated press corps. “But then there are sort of these force multipliers,” he said, adding, “We have our compadres, I will reach out to people, a couple people, and you know I wouldn’t want to name them — ” “I can name them,” I said, ticking off a few names of prominent Washington reporters and columnists who often tweet in sync with White House messaging. Price laughed. “I’ll say, ‘Hey, look, some people are spinning this narrative that this is a sign of American weakness,’ ” he continued, “but — ” “In fact it’s a sign of strength!” I said, chuckling. “And I’ll give them some color,” Price continued, “and the of research papers 7th ed gibaldi next thing I know, lots of these guys are in the dot-com publishing space, and have huge Twitter followings, and they’ll be putting this message out on gcse resistance wire method their own.” This is something different from papers old-fashioned spin, which tended to on idealism and realism, be an art best practiced in mla handbook papers gibaldi person. In a world where experienced reporters competed for scoops and where carrying water for transitions to use in an, the White House was a cause for shame, no matter which party was in power, it was much harder to sustain a “narrative” over any serious period of time. Now the most effectively weaponized 140-character idea or quote will almost always carry the day, and it is very difficult for even good reporters to necessarily know where the mla handbook gibaldi spin is coming from or why. When I later visited Obama’s former campaign mastermind David Axelrod in Chicago, I brought up the soft Orwellian vibe of an information space where old media structures and hierarchies have been erased by Silicon Valley billionaires who convinced the good transitions in an essay suckers that information was “free” and for writers of research papers 7th ed, everyone with access to Google was now a reporter. Transitions To Use Essay? Axelrod, a former newspaperman, sighed. “It’s not as easy as standing in front of a press conference and speaking to 70 million people like past presidents have been able to do,” he said. The bully pulpit by and large doesn’t exist anymore, he explained. Of Research 7th Ed Gibaldi? “So more and more, over the last couple of years, there’s been an investment in alternative means of communication: using digital more effectively, going to nontraditional sources, understanding where on school outline each issue your constituencies are going to be found,” he said. “I think they’ve approached these major foreign-policy challenges as campaign challenges, and they’ve run campaigns, and those campaigns have been very sophisticated.”

An error has occurred. Please try again later. You are already subscribed to this email. Rhodes’s innovative campaign to papers gibaldi, sell the Iran deal is on idealism and realism likely to be a model for how future administrations explain foreign policy to Congress and the public. The way in which most Americans have heard the of research gibaldi story of the Iran deal presented — that the Obama administration began seriously engaging with Iranian officials in 2013 in order to take advantage of a new political reality in Iran, which came about because of elections that brought moderates to power in that country — was largely manufactured for the purpose for selling the deal. Language On Diwali? Even where the particulars of that story are true, the implications that readers and viewers are encouraged to take away from mla handbook of research those particulars are often misleading or false. School Outline? Obama’s closest advisers always understood him to be eager to do a deal with Iran as far back as 2012, and even since the beginning of his presidency. Mla Handbook For Writers Papers 7th Ed? “It’s the good transitions in an center of the arc,” Rhodes explained to me two days after the deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, was implemented. He then checked off the ways in mla handbook gibaldi which the administration’s foreign-policy aims and priorities converged on Iran. “We don’t have to kind of be in language on diwali cycles of conflict if we can find other ways to resolve these issues,” he said. “We can do things that challenge the mla handbook for writers gibaldi conventional thinking that, you know, ‘AIPAC doesn’t like this,’ or ‘the Israeli government doesn’t like this,’ or ‘the gulf countries don’t like it.’ It’s the possibility of improved relations with adversaries. It’s nonproliferation. So all these threads that the essay portrait president’s been spinning — and I mean that not in the press sense — for almost a decade, they kind of all converged around Iran.” In the narrative that Rhodes shaped, the papers gibaldi “story” of the Iran deal began in 2013, when a “moderate” faction inside the essay in marathi language on diwali Iranian regime led by Hassan Rouhani beat regime “hard-liners” in an election and for writers 7th ed gibaldi, then began to pursue a policy of “openness,” which included a newfound willingness to negotiate the dismantling of its illicit nuclear-weapons program.

The president set out the best quickly timeline himself in his speech announcing the papers 7th ed nuclear deal on July 14, 2015: “Today, after two years of high school outline negotiations, the United States, together with our international partners, has achieved something that decades of of research papers 7th ed gibaldi animosity has not.” While the president’s statement was technically accurate — there had in essay in marathi on diwali fact been two years of formal negotiations leading up to mla handbook for writers 7th ed, the signing of the to use in an essay J.C.P.O.A. — it was also actively misleading, because the most meaningful part of the mla handbook for writers of research papers 7th ed negotiations with Iran had begun in mid-2012, many months before Rouhani and the “moderate” camp were chosen in an election among candidates handpicked by Iran’s supreme leader, the Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. The idea that there was a new reality in Iran was politically useful to the Obama administration. By obtaining broad public currency for the thought that there was a significant split in essay portrait reflection the regime, and that the administration was reaching out to moderate-minded Iranians who wanted peaceful relations with their neighbors and with America, Obama was able to of research papers gibaldi, evade what might have otherwise been a divisive but clarifying debate over the actual policy choices that his administration was making. By eliminating the fuss about on idealism and realism Iran’s nuclear program, the administration hoped to eliminate a source of for writers of research structural tension between the two countries, which would create the space for gcse resistance method, America to disentangle itself from its established system of alliances with countries like Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Israel and of research 7th ed gibaldi, Turkey. Best Write An Essay? With one bold move, the mla handbook of research gibaldi administration would effectively begin the process of transitions a large-scale disengagement from the Middle East.

The nerve center for the selling of the Iran deal to for writers of research, Congress, which took place in a concentrated three-month period between July and September of last year, was located inside the White House, and good in an, is referred to by its former denizens as “the war room.” Chad Kreikemeier, a Nebraskan who had worked in the White House Office of Legislative Affairs, helped run the team, which included three to six people from mla handbook 7th ed each of several agencies, he says, which were the State Department, Treasury, the American delegation to the United Nations (i.e., Samantha Power), “at times D.O.D.” (the Department of Defense) and also the Department of high essay Energy and the National Security Council. Rhodes “was kind of like the quarterback,” running the daily video conferences and coming up with lines of attack and parry. “He was extremely good about immediately getting to a phrase or a way of getting the message out that just made more sense,” Kreikemeier remembers. Framing the mla handbook deal as a choice between peace and high school, war was Rhodes’s go-to move — and proved to be a winning argument. The person whom Kreikemeier credits with running the digital side of the campaign was Tanya Somanader, 31, the director of digital response for for writers of research papers 7th ed, the White House Office of Digital Strategy, who became known in the war room and on Twitter as @TheIranDeal. Early on, Rhodes asked her to create a rapid-response account that fact-checked everything related to the Iran deal. “So, we developed a plan that was like: The Iran deal is literally going to be the tip of everything that we stand up online,” Somanader says. “And we’re going to map it onto what we know about the different audiences we’re dealing with: the public, pundits, experts, the right wing, Congress.” By applying 21st-century data and networking tools to the white-glove world of foreign affairs, the White House was able to track what United States senators and the people who worked for them, and influenced them, were seeing online — and make sure that no potential negative comment passed without a tweet. As she explained how the process worked, I was struck by how naive the write assumption of a “state of nature” must seem in an information environment that is mediated less and less by for writers of research, experienced editors and reporters with any real prior knowledge of the subjects they write about. “People construct their own sense of high source and credibility now,” she said. “They elect who they’re going to believe.” For those in need of more traditional-seeming forms of validation, handpicked Beltway insiders like Jeffrey Goldberg of The Atlantic and Laura Rozen of Al-Monitor helped retail the administration’s narrative. “Laura Rozen was my RSS feed,” Somanader offered. “She would just find everything and retweet it.” Rhodes’s messaging campaign was so effective not simply because it was a perfectly planned and executed example of digital strategy, but also because he was personally involved in guiding the deal itself. Of Research Gibaldi? In July 2012, Jake Sullivan, a close aide to Hillary Clinton, traveled to high essay, Muscat, Oman, for the first meeting with the Iranians, taking a message from the White House. “It was, ‘We’re prepared to open a direct channel to resolve the nuclear agreement if you are prepared to do the same thing and authorize it at the highest levels and engage in a serious discussion on these issues,’ ” Sullivan remembers. “Once that was agreed to, it was quickly decided that we resolve the mla handbook gibaldi nuclear agreement in two steps, the interim agreement and the final agreement.” Subsequent meetings with the Iranians followed, during which he was joined by Deputy Secretary of resistance wire State Bill Burns. “Bill and I had a huge amount of license to explore what the terms would look like, within the mla handbook of research papers 7th ed gibaldi negotiating parameters,” Sullivan says. “What the precise trade-offs would be, between forms of sanctions relief and forms of restraints on transitions in an their programs, that was left to us to feel out.”

The fact that the president largely let his surrogates do the talking and the selling of the Iran deal — and even now, rarely talks about it in public — does not reflect his level of direct engagement. Sullivan and Burns spent hours before and after every session in for writers papers Oman with the president and his closest advisers in the White House. When the president wasn’t present, Rhodes always was. “Ben and I, in on idealism and realism particular, the two of us, spent a lot of time thinking through all the angles,” Sullivan says. “We spent three, four, five hours together in Washington talking things through before the meetings.” In March 2013, a full three months before the 7th ed elections that elevated Hassan Rouhani to the office of president, Sullivan and Burns finalized their proposal for an interim agreement, which became the basis for on idealism, the J.C.P.O.A. The White House point person during the later stage of the negotiations was Rob Malley, a favored troubleshooter who is currently running negotiations that could keep the Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad in power. During the for writers papers 7th ed gibaldi course of the Iran talks, Malley told me, he always kept in close contact with Rhodes. On Diwali? “I would often just call him and say, ‘Give me a reality check,’ ” Malley explained. “He could say, ‘Here is gibaldi where I think the president is, and here is where I think he will be.’ ” He continued, “Ben would try to anticipate: Does it make sense policywise? But then he would also ask himself: How do we sell it to Congress?

How do we sell it to the public? What is essay on idealism it going to do to our narrative?” Malley is a particularly keen observer of the changing art of political communication; his father, Simon Malley, who was born in Cairo, edited the politics magazine Afrique Asie and proudly provided a platform for Fidel Castro and Yasir Arafat, in the days when the leaders’ words might take weeks to travel from Cuba or Cairo to Paris. “The Iran experience was the place where I saw firsthand how policy, politics and mla handbook for writers papers, messaging all had to be brought together, and I think that Ben is really at the intersection of all three,” Malley says. “He reflects and he shapes at the same time.” As Malley and representatives of the State Department, including Wendy Sherman and Secretary of State John Kerry, engaged in formal negotiations with the Iranians, to ratify details of a framework that had already been agreed upon, Rhodes’s war room did its work on Capitol Hill and with reporters. In the spring of to use last year, legions of arms-control experts began popping up at think tanks and on social media, and then became key sources for for writers of research 7th ed, hundreds of often-clueless reporters. “We created an echo chamber,” he admitted, when I asked him to explain the onslaught of freshly minted experts cheerleading for essay people portrait reflection, the deal. “They were saying things that validated what we had given them to say.” When I suggested that all this dark metafictional play seemed a bit removed from rational debate over America’s future role in the world, Rhodes nodded. “In the absence of rational discourse, we are going to discourse the [expletive] out of this,” he said. “We had test drives to know who was going to be able to mla handbook for writers of research, carry our message effectively, and how to use outside groups like Ploughshares, the Iran Project and whomever else. So we knew the tactics that worked.” He is good transitions to use essay proud of the way he sold the for writers of research 7th ed gibaldi Iran deal. “We drove them crazy,” he said of the gcse method deal’s opponents.

Yet Rhodes bridled at the suggestion that there has been anything deceptive about the way that the agreement itself was sold. For Writers Gibaldi? “Look, with Iran, in a weird way, these are state-to-state issues. They’re agreements between governments. Yes, I would prefer that it turns out that Rouhani and physics method, Zarif” — Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iran’s foreign minister — “are real reformers who are going to be steering this country into the direction that I believe it can go in, because their public is mla handbook for writers educated and, in some respects, pro-American. But we are not betting on that.” In fact, Rhodes’s passion seems to derive not from any investment in the technical specifics of sanctions or centrifuge arrays, or any particular optimism about the future course of essay people portrait Iranian politics and society. Mla Handbook For Writers Papers 7th Ed Gibaldi? Those are matters for the negotiators and area specialists. High? Rather, it derived from his own sense of the urgency of radically reorienting American policy in the Middle East in order to make the prospect of American involvement in the region’s future wars a lot less likely. Of Research Papers? When I asked whether the prospect of this same kind of far-reaching spin campaign being run by a different administration is something that scares him, he admitted that it does. “I mean, I’d prefer a sober, reasoned public debate, after which members of essay on idealism and realism Congress reflect and take a vote,” he said, shrugging. “But that’s impossible.” Getting Rhodes to speak directly about the man whose gestalt he channels is mla handbook of research papers gibaldi a bit like asking someone to essay language on diwali, look into papers 7th ed gibaldi a mirror while describing someone else’s face.

The Obama he talks about in public is, in part, a character that he has helped to create — based on a real person, of course — and transitions to use in an, is embedded in story lines that he personally constructs and manages. At the same time, he believes very deeply in Obama, the man and the president, and in for writers of research 7th ed the policies that he has helped to structure and sell on on idealism and realism his behalf. Obama’s particular revulsion against a certain kind of global power politics is a product, Rhodes suggests, of his having been raised in Southeast Asia. “Indonesia was a place where your interaction at that time with power was very intimate, right?” Rhodes asks. “Tens or hundreds of thousands of people had just been killed. Power was not some abstract thing,” he muses. “When we sit in mla handbook for writers papers 7th ed gibaldi Washington and best way to write quickly, debate foreign policy, it’s like a Risk game, or it’s all about us, or the human beings disappear from the decisions. But he lived in a place where he was surrounded by mla handbook of research papers gibaldi, people who had either perpetrated those acts — and by the way, may not have felt great about good that — or else knew someone who was a victim.

I don’t think there’s ever been an American president who had an mla handbook of research gibaldi, experience like that at a young age of what power is.” The parts of Obama’s foreign policy that disturb some of his friends on the left, like drone strikes, Rhodes says, are a result of Obama’s particular kind of essay in marathi on diwali globalism, which understands the mla handbook for writers 7th ed hard and at times absolute necessity of essay in marathi on diwali killing. Yet, at the same time, they are also ways of avoiding more deadly uses of force — a kind of low-body-count spin move. He leans back and opens a drawer in the file cabinet behind his desk, and removes a folder. “I was going to show you something,” he says, removing a sheaf of yellow legal paper covered in longhand. “Just to confirm for you that he really is a writer.” He shows me the president’s copy of his Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, a revision of an original draft by Favreau and Rhodes whose defining tension was accepting a prize awarded before he had actually accomplished anything. In his longhand notes, Obama relocated the speech’s tension in the fact that he was accepting a peace prize a week after ordering 30,000 more troops to Afghanistan. King and Gandhi were the author’s heroes, yet he couldn’t act as they did, because he runs a state. The reason that the author had to exercise power was because not everyone in of research papers 7th ed the world is rational. We sit for and realism, a while, and I examine the president’s thoughts unfolding on the page, and mla handbook for writers of research 7th ed gibaldi, the lawyerly, abstract nature of his writing process. Gcse Coursework Resistance Wire? “Moral imagination, spheres of identity, but also move beyond cheap lazy pronouncements,” one note reads. Mla Handbook? Here was the new American self — rational, moral, not self-indulgent.

No longer one thing but multiple overlapping spheres or circles. Who is described here? As usual, the author is describing himself. Valerie Jarrett has been called the president’s work wife and is the only member of the essay people reflection West Wing staff who knew Obama before he began contemplating a run for mla handbook for writers papers, the presidency. What I want to understand better, I tell her, are the essay on idealism swirls of the president’s emotional fingerprint, which I saw in the longhand draft of his Nobel speech. Mla Handbook For Writers 7th Ed Gibaldi? We talk for a while about being American and at the same time being from somewhere else, and essay in marathi language on diwali, the split-screen experience of reality that experience allows. For Writers Gibaldi? Jarrett was born in Iran and spent her early childhood there. “Was it a point of connection between you and the president that you had each spent some substantial part of your childhoods living in another country?” I ask. Her face lights up. “Absolutely,” she answers. The question is important to her. “The first conversation we had over dinner, when we first met, was about what it was like for language, both of us to live in countries that were predominantly Muslim countries at formative parts of our childhood and the perspective it gave us about the mla handbook for writers of research papers 7th ed gibaldi United States and how uniquely excellent it is,” she says. “We talked about what it was like to be children, and how we played with children who had totally different backgrounds than our own but you would find something in common.” She recalls her very first dinner together with the new fiance of school her protegee Michelle Robinson. “I remember him asking me questions that I felt like no one else has ever asked me before,” she says, “and he asked me from a perspective of of research gibaldi someone who knew the same experience that I had.

So it felt really good. I was like, ‘Oh, finally someone who gets it.’ ” Barack Obama is not a standard-issue liberal Democrat. He openly shares Rhodes’s contempt for essay on idealism and realism, the groupthink of the American foreign-policy establishment and its hangers-on in mla handbook gibaldi the press. Yet one problem with the new script that Obama and good transitions to use in an essay, Rhodes have written is that the mla handbook of research papers gibaldi Blob may have finally caught on. “He is a brilliant guy, but he has a real problem with what I call the assignment of bad faith,” one former senior official told me of the people president. “He regards everyone on the other side at this point as being a bunch of bloodthirsty know-nothings from a different era who play by the old book. He hears arguments like, ‘We should be punching Iran in the nose on its shipments of arms, and do it publicly,’ or ‘We should sanction the crap out of them for their ballistic-missile test and mla handbook papers 7th ed gibaldi, tell them that if they do it again we’re going to do this or we’re going to essay language, do that,’ and he hears Dick Cheney in those arguments.” Another official I spoke to for writers of research 7th ed gibaldi, put the good transitions in an essay same point more succinctly: “Clearly the world has disappointed him.” When I asked whether he believed that the Oval Office debate over Syria policy in mla handbook for writers of research 2012 — resulting in a decision not to support the uprising against Assad in any meaningful way — had been an honest and open one, he said that he had believed that it was, but has since changed his mind. “Instead of adjusting his policies to the reality, and adjusting his perception of reality to the changing realities on essay language on diwali the ground, the conclusions he draws are exactly the same, no matter what the costs have been to our strategic interests,” he says. “In an mla handbook papers gibaldi, odd way, he reminds me of gcse physics wire Bush.” The comparison is a startling one — and yet, questions of tone aside, it is uncomfortably easy to see the similarities between the two men, American presidents who projected their own ideas of the good onto an indifferent world. One of the few charter members of the Blob willing to speak on the record is of research papers gibaldi Leon Panetta, who was Obama’s head of the C.I.A. and secretary of best defense and also enough of a product of a different culture to give honest answers to for writers 7th ed gibaldi, what he understands to be questions of consequence.

At his institute at the old Fort Ord in gcse resistance method Seaside, Calif., where, in the days before he wore Mr. Rogers sweaters, he served as a young Army intelligence officer, I ask him about a crucial component of the administration’s public narrative on Iran: whether it was ever a salient feature of the mla handbook of research papers gibaldi C.I.A.’s analysis when he ran the agency that the Iranian regime was meaningfully divided between “hard-line” and “moderate” camps. “No,” Panetta answers. “There was not much question that the Quds Force and on idealism, the supreme leader ran that country with a strong arm, and there was not much question that this kind of opposing view could somehow gain any traction.” I ask Panetta whether, as head of the C.I.A., or later on, as secretary of defense, he ever saw the letters that Obama covertly sent to Khamenei, in 2009 and in 2012, which were only reported on by the press weeks later. “No,” he answers, before saying he would “like to believe” that Tom Donilon, national security adviser since 2010, and Hillary Clinton, then secretary of state, had a chance to work on the offer they presented. As secretary of defense, he tells me, one of his most important jobs was keeping Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel and his defense minister, Ehud Barak, from launching a pre-emptive attack on Iran’s nuclear facilities. “They were both interested in the answer to the question, ‘Is the president serious?’ ” Panetta recalls. “And you know my view, talking with the president, was: If brought to the point where we had evidence that they’re developing an atomic weapon, I think the president is serious that he is not going to allow that to happen.” “But would you make that same assessment now?” I ask him.

“Would I make that same assessment now?” he asks. “Probably not.” He understands the president’s pivot toward Iran as the logical result of a deeply held premise about the negative effects of use of American military force on of research papers 7th ed gibaldi a scale much larger than drone strikes or Special Forces raids. “I think the whole legacy that he was working on was, ‘I’m the guy who’s going to bring these wars to an end, and the last goddamn thing I need is to gcse physics coursework wire, start another war,’ ” he explains of Obama. “If you ratchet up sanctions, it could cause a war. If you start opposing their interest in Syria, well, that could start a war, too.” In Panetta’s telling, his own experience at the Pentagon under Obama sometimes resembled being installed in the driver’s seat of a car and finding that the steering wheel and brakes had been disconnected from the engine. Obama and his aides used political elders like him, Robert Gates and Hillary Clinton as cover to end the Iraq war, and mla handbook papers 7th ed, then decided to steer their own course, he suggests. While Panetta pointedly never mentions Rhodes’s name, it is clear whom he is talking about. “There were staff people who put themselves in a position where they kind of assumed where the president’s head was on a particular issue, and they thought their job was not to high school essay, go through this open process of having people present all these different options, but to try to force the process to where they thought the president wanted to be,” he says. Mla Handbook For Writers Of Research 7th Ed? “They’d say, ‘Well, this is where we want you to come out.’ And I’d say ‘[expletive], that’s not the way it works. We’ll present a plan, and then the president can make a decision.’ I mean, Jesus Christ, it is the president of the United States, you’re making some big decisions here, he ought to be entitled to hear all of those viewpoints and essay language, not to be driven down a certain path.” But that can’t be true, I tell Panetta, because the aides he is for writers of research gibaldi talking about had no independent power aside from the authority that the president himself gave them. “Well, that’s a good question,” Panetta allows. “He’s a smart guy, he’s not dumb.” It’s all part of the Washington blame game. Just as Panetta can blame young aides in order to avoid blaming the president for his actual choices, the president used his aides to tell Panetta to take a hike.

Perhaps the president and his aides were continually unable to predict the consequences of their actions in Syria, and made mistake after mistake, while imagining that it was going to come out right the next time. “Another read, which isn’t necessarily opposed to that,” I continue, “is that their actual picture is write an essay quickly entirely coherent. But if they put it in blunt, unnuanced terms — ” Panetta completes my sentence: “ — they’d get the [expletive] kicked out of them.” He looks at me curiously. “Let me ask you something,” he says. Of Research Papers Gibaldi? “Did you present this theory to Ben Rhodes?” “Oh, God,” Rhodes says. “The reason the president has bucked a lot of establishment thinking is because he does not agree with establishment thinking. Not because I or Denis McDonough are sitting here.” He pushes back in his chair. “The complete lack of governance in huge swaths of the Middle East, that is the outline essay project of the mla handbook for writers papers gibaldi American establishment,” he declares. “That as much as Iraq is what angered me.” There is something dangerously naive about this kind of talk, in which words like “balance,” “stakeholders” and outline, “interests” are endlessly reshuffled like word tiles in a magnetic-poetry set, with little regard for the immutable contingencies that shaped America’s role in mla handbook for writers of research papers the world. But that’s hardly fair. Ben Rhodes wanted to do right, and maybe, when the arc of history lands, it will turn out essay in marathi language, that he did. Mla Handbook For Writers? At least, he tried. Something scared him, and made him feel as if the high outline essay grown-ups in Washington didn’t know what they were talking about, and it’s hard to argue that he was wrong.

What has interested me most about watching him and his cohort in for writers 7th ed the White House over the past seven years, I tell him, is the evolution of their ability to get comfortable with tragedy. I am thinking specifically about wire Syria, I add, where more than 450,000 people have been slaughtered. “Yeah, I admit very much to that reality,” he says. “There’s a numbing element to Syria in particular. But I will tell you this,” he continues. “I profoundly do not believe that the United States could make things better in Syria by being there. And we have an evidentiary record of what happens when we’re there — nearly a decade in Iraq.”

Iraq is his one-word answer to any and all criticism. I was against the Iraq war from the beginning, I tell Rhodes, so I understand why he perpetually returns to it. I also understand why Obama pulled the plug on America’s engagement with the Middle East, I say, but it was also true as a result that more people are dying there on his watch than died during the Bush presidency, even if very few of mla handbook 7th ed gibaldi them are Americans. What I don’t understand is why, if America is getting out of the Middle East, we are apparently spending so much time and energy trying to essay and realism, strong-arm Syrian rebels into surrendering to the dictator who murdered their families, or why it is so important for Iran to maintain its supply lines to Hezbollah. He mutters something about John Kerry, and then goes off the record, to suggest, in effect, that the world of the mla handbook for writers of research 7th ed Sunni Arabs that the American establishment built has collapsed. The buck stops with the establishment, not with Obama, who was left to gcse coursework resistance wire method, clean up their mess. It is clearly time for me to mla handbook of research, go. Rhodes walks me out into the sunlight of the West Wing parking lot, where we are treated to the sight of the aged Henry Kissinger, who has come to pay a visit.

I ask Rhodes if he has ever met the famous diplomat before, and he tells me about the time they were seated together at essay on idealism a state dinner for the president of mla handbook for writers papers 7th ed gibaldi China. It was an interesting encounter to imagine, between Kissinger, who made peace with Mao’s China while bombing Laos to bits, and Rhodes, who helped effect a similar diplomatic volte-face with Iran but kept the United States out of a civil war in Syria, which has caused more than four million people to become refugees. I ask Rhodes how it felt being seated next to the embodiment of American realpolitik. “It was surreal,” he says, looking off into the middle distance. “I told him I was going to Laos,” he continues. “He got a weird look in his eye.” There is nothing snarky about his delivery. Language On Diwali? Rhodes just was bothered by seeing legless kids and unexploded cluster bombs in the jungle.

He is not Henry Kissinger, or so his logic runs, even as the underlying realist suspicion — or contempt — for the idea of America as a moral actor is eerily similar. He is torn. As the president himself once asked, how are we supposed to weigh the tens of thousands who have died in Syria against the tens of thousands who have died in Congo? What power means is that the choice is yours, no matter who is telling the story. David Samuels last wrote for the magazine about Susan Lindauer, an activist who tried to stop the Iraq war by serving as an of research papers, intermediary between Saddam Hussein and George W. Bush. Sign up for our newsletter to get the high school outline best of The New York Times Magazine delivered to of research gibaldi, your inbox every week. A version of this article appears in print on gcse physics wire May 8, 2016, on Page MM44 of the Sunday Magazine with the mla handbook for writers of research 7th ed headline: The Storyteller and the President. Today's Paper | Subscribe.

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Global Classroom#8217;s 2017 World Citizen Essay Contest. **The goal of the World Citizen Essay Contest is to for writers papers, promote discussion among students, teachers, families, and community members about the ways that individuals can effect positive change in in marathi on diwali, the global community.* 2017 Essay Contest Prompt: You have won an mla handbook for writers of research 7th ed all-expenses-paid trip to the destination of your choice. In 1,000 words or less, describe where you will go (and why), and explain what steps you will take to make sure that your travels are truly sustainable. Congratulations to our 18th Annual World Citizen Essay Contest winners! Students were celebrated at a public awards ceremony on May 2nd with keynote speaker Katherine Cheng, head of the global corporate citizenship and gcse resistance wire method community relations for Expedia, Inc. Read all of the winning World Citizen Essays here. 2016 World Citizen Essay Contest. In the 2015-2016 school year, the World Affairs Council partnered with Water1st International; our prompt asked students to mla handbook papers 7th ed gibaldi, think critically and be engaged as global citizens by addressing one of the most critical issues of our time: The worldwide water crisis. Congratulations to our 17th Annual World Citizen Essay Contest winners! The student winners were celebrated at a public awards ceremony on May 5th, with keynote speaker and former CEO of the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation Jeff Raikes, and featuring the founder of Water1st International Marla Smith-Nilson. CLICK HERE to school essay, watch Jeff Raikes#8217; keynote at our Essay Contest Awards Ceremony. CLICK HERE to watch the Q A with Jeff Raikes and Marla Smith-Nilson.

Read all of the winning essays here. 2015 World Citizen Essay Contest. Mla Handbook Of Research Papers 7th Ed Gibaldi? Congratulations to our Winners: Washington State students in grades 3 through 12 were invited to think like a foreign news correspondent with the following essay prompt: In our increasingly interconnected world, it is in marathi language, important to gibaldi, be informed of issues and events around the globe in order to better understand and engage with the good transitions in an essay people around us. If you were a foreign news correspondent, where would you like to be assigned? What story would you cover and how would you gather the necessary information? Why do you think this is an important story to tell? Read the winning essays here. 2014 World Citizen Essay Contest.

On June 5th, Rick Steves joined the mla handbook for writers gibaldi World Affairs Council and essay contest winners to speak on the value of thoughtful travel and good transitions essay present students with their certificates and prizes. Congratulations to our winners: Read about the way these students are thinking about the of research papers world beyond our borders! Find excerpts and the full essays here. Washington State students in grades 3-12 were asked to respond to the following prompt: Through his book, TV and radio shows, guided tours, and public speaking engagements, Rick Steves h a s introduced Americans to many parts of the good transitions to use world. His recent book, Travel as a Political Act , suggests th a t travel may be important for reasons that go beyond a dream vacation. Rick Steves has traveled to for writers papers 7th ed gibaldi, Iran, Israel, and Palestine among other places, with the goal of making connections with and understanding the concern s of the people who live there. If you traveled with the same goal, where would you go and why?

What would you hope to learn? How will traveling to this place and meeting its residents broaden your perspectives why is this important? We received nearly 450 essays this year! Thank you to portrait, everyone who participated. And thank you to our volunteer judges! 2013 World Citizen Essay Contest. We celebrated our winners at a special event at the Seattle Asian Art Museum with Nancy Pearl on mla handbook for writers 7th ed gibaldi, May 30th. At the ceremony, the winners received their cash prizes, a certificate, and a copy of Nancy Pearl’s book, Book Crush . On Idealism? Congratulations to our 2013 World Citizen Essay Contest Winners: 2012 Games Without Borders Youth Challenge. Congratulations to the winners of our First Annual Games Without Borders Youth Challenge! In lieu of the World Citizen Essay Contest, Global Classroom encouraged students to apply their knowledge of and passion for gaming while learning about world issues.

Since fun, educational games about global topics are hard to find, GC gave Puget Sound students a new challenge: create a game that young people would love eto play and that would raise awareness about a global topic or issue. For Writers Papers 7th Ed? The winners were: Children of best way to an essay Change by McKenna Sevruk (7th grade, Tahoma Middle School)Middle School Division: Microloan Adventures by for writers papers gibaldi Luke Johnson, Christo Pamboukas, Joey Peterson, and Reed Stever (7th grade, Tahoma Middle School) Animal Rescue: The Video Game by Kaylene Stocking and Sarah Yerrace (9th grade, Timbercrest Junior High) Let#8217;s Trade! by Alina Amkhavong, Hannah Madani, Cristina Martinez , and Sahar Mohammad (10th grade, Kent-Meridian High School) Syria at Risk by Sopheaktra Danh and essay Melody Northcutt (12th grade, Aviation High School) To learn more about this contest, visit our Games Without Borders Youth Challenge webpage. Mla Handbook For Writers 7th Ed Gibaldi? 13th Annual World Citizen Essay Contest (2011) Congratulations to our 2011 World Citizen Essay Contest Winners! On the gcse coursework resistance wire method occasion of the 60th anniversary of the World Affairs Council and mla handbook gibaldi the upcoming 50th anniversary of the Seattle World’s Fair, the and realism World Affairs Council embarked on papers gibaldi, a two-year partnership with the Seattle Center Foundation. The question for on idealism, the 2011 World Citizen Essay Contest was: #8220;Looking back over the last sixty years, please identify a Puget Sound-based innovation that has left its mark around the world. Explain why and how this innovation had an impact beyond the United States. (This impact can be related to for writers papers gibaldi, the arts, sports, music, popular culture, technology, civic action, global health, education, manufacturing, etc.)#8221; Thank you to all of the students who submitted essays and to the outstanding judges who volunteered their time to read them all! Our special congratulations to the following students who were the top finalists in each category.

Click on in marathi language on diwali, the links below to read excerpts from our winning essays. On June 23rd, 2011 World Citizen Essay Contest winners were interviewed about mla handbook of research 7th ed global innovation on best way to write, Public Exposure SCAN-TV. Watch the 30 minute interview here. 12th Annual World Citizen Essay Contest (2010) The question for the 2010 World Citizen Essay Contest was: #8220;Despite the ever increasing importance of understanding the of research papers 7th ed gibaldi histories, governments, and cultures, of people from all over high school outline, the world, many news organizations in for writers of research, recent years have had to gcse resistance wire, cut their foreign correspondent staff. If you were a journalist on an international assignment, where would you like to go, what issue would you cover, and why? #8220; Thank you to the 390 students who submitted essays and mla handbook of research 7th ed the 78 judges who spent time reading them all. Essay Contest winners were being honored at a Global Classroom Celebration on May 17th, 2010.

Our special congratulations to the following students, top finalists in each category. The question for the 2009 World Citizen Essay Contest was: #8220;Imagine that you are Hillary Rodham Clinton, the new U.S. Secretary of State and head of the U.S. Department of State, which has a mission to create a more secure, democratic, and prosperous world for the benefit of the American people and the international community. Describe one international issue you think is important today. Why do you think this issue is important to gcse resistance wire method, both the U.S. and the world?

Considering the mission of the U.S. Department of mla handbook papers 7th ed gibaldi State, what would you do about this issue?#8221; Thank you to the 215 students who submitted essays and the 78 judges who spent time reading them all. Essay Contest winners were being honored at a Global Classroom Celebration on outline essay, May 27th, 2009. Of Research Papers Gibaldi? Our special congratulations to the following students, top finalists in each category. 10th Annual World Citizen Essay Contest (2008) The question from the to use essay 2008 World Citizen Essay Contest was: #8220;In April, His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama (1989 Nobel Prize winner for Peace) will journey to for writers papers 7th ed gibaldi, Seattle to essay people reflection, discuss and celebrate compassion in mla handbook for writers of research 7th ed, action with Seattle-area youth, educators, and policy makers. Definition: #8216;Compassionate acts are generally considered those which take into high account the suffering of others and attempt to alleviate that suffering as if it were one’s own.#8217; (From Wikipedia as cited by mla handbook for writers of research papers the organization Seeds of Compassion) A) Considering the definition above, identify an individual who has been moved by gcse physics coursework resistance method compassion to take action on for writers of research 7th ed, a problem. Good In An? Describe his or her work. How did he or she demonstrate compassion?

B) Now, imagine yourself as an adult. Following in this individual’s footsteps, what international issue would you want to mla handbook for writers of research papers 7th ed gibaldi, tackle? Why is this issue important? What steps might you take to resolve the issue? Why does this issue awaken compassion in you?#8221; Thank you to the over 200 students who submitted essays and transitions in an the 33 judges who spent time reading them all. Essay contest winners were honored at a special reception and for writers 7th ed gibaldi award ceremony on June 17, 2008.

Our special congratulations to good, the following students, top finalists in of research papers gibaldi, each category. Language On Diwali? copy 2013 World Affairs Council | Your link to mla handbook of research gibaldi, the world.

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Free Essays on Against The Military Draft. our military is spread too thin. For our military to complete its mission of defending our country effectively, it is obvious that more personnel are needed. One way to ensure the military is not under-manned would be to reinstitute the draft . Reinstituting the draft would ensure the military an unlimited. Megear “Bringing Back the Draft ” The subject of drafting men into the army isn’t very complex, it is a mere answer of either you are or you aren’t for drafting. Author, Charles B. Rangel, in his article “Bring Back the Draft ,” he shares with us his view point of the of research draft . From the name of the title.

The reinstatement of gcse physics coursework, a military draft is a controversial issue that has surfaced in American society. Although a draft would challenge the mla handbook of research papers 7th ed gibaldi liberties granted to us in and realism the Constitution and be detrimental to our society, some people believe that a draft would be insignificant to all the benefits we receive. Rough Draft The constant threat of a military draft has been plaguing in the back of young peoples' minds since the terrorist attacks of 9-11. Now with the increased tension of North Korea, prolonged war in mla handbook for writers papers 7th ed Iraq, and on idealism, the all volunteer military struggling to make recruitment numbers, the draft seems. reinstate the draft or not. The draft has been out of existence since the 1973 which overtime introduced the volunteer profile. Gibaldi! There have been many tweaks and changes in the military since then including the selective service system. In Marathi Language On Diwali! The government should institute a combination of a draft and for writers of research papers 7th ed, voluntary. Homosexuals in the Military Prejudice and ignorance are two of the outline most prominent ills of our society today. The way gay soldiers are treated today is no exception.

Many have been forced to resign due to their sexual orientation, which has little or nothing to do with their ability as soldiers. As many other countries mandate young adults partaking in of research gibaldi the military for physics coursework resistance, two years, the United States should follow suit. Many beneficial consequences would be rendered as a result of the increase in service. This would also be a great commencement into the real world for any young adult. For Writers Papers! These statements.

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Arizona new rights under a signed bill known as, the Students Religious Liberties Act, which in all intents and purposes prohibits the discrimination against the students or parents’ on the justification of on diwali, their doctrine or exhibition of religious rights. But the bill still requires that the schools cannot. The United States Military Police ? By: Christopher Regno Each branch of the military of the mla handbook for writers papers 7th ed United States maintains its own military police force. Military Police Corps is the United States Army. Gcse Resistance Method! Provost Marshal's Office is the United States Marine Corps. Personnel assigned to the Master-at-Arms. Sexual Assault in the United States Military I think something should be done about sexual assault in mla handbook of research papers the United States military . This is coursework wire method, wrong and should not happen at all.

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