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burgulary essay [ Cases for this topic, here ] Theft Act 1968, s. 9. Dissertation Statistical Services Financial! (1) A person is guilty of burglary if– a) he enters any building or part of a building as a trespasser and with intent to commit any such offence as is mentioned in subsection (2) below; or. Writing! (b) having entered any building or part of statistical a building as a trespasser he steals or attempts to steal anything in the building or that part of it or inflicts or attempts to writing essays edition. kelley inflict on any person therein any grievous bodily harm. (2) The offences referred to in subsection (1) (a) above are offences of dissertation statistical services financial stealing anything in the building or part of a building in question, of inflicting on any person therein any grievous bodily harm [. ]
  • therein, and of doing unlawful damage to the building or anything therein. [*The words or raping any person therein were removed by Schedule 17 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003, Sch 7 Para 1] Sec 63 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 creates a wider offence than the old 'rape' element of the Theft Act and includes any relevant sexual offence while trespassing. Catcher! Section 9 Theft Act 1968 Section 9 creates two offences. Committed on dissertation financial, entry. Not committed until ulterior offence committed.
  • (b) Having entered a building as a trespasser steals or attempts to steal anything in the building or inflicts or attempts to inflict grievous bodily harm upon any person therein. (3) A person guilty of burglary shall on conviction on indictment be liable to studies imprisonment for a term not exceeding-- Crime (Sentences) Act 1997. A minimum custodial sentence of three years must be imposed by the court where an offender aged 18 or over is convicted of a third domestic burglary. Was three years dwelling occupied at night is dissertation statistical services financial 4 years’ Edwards (1996) In 2002 Lord Woolf directed that some burglars should not be given a prison sentence. Other than from a dwelling. The accused may be convicted of the underlying offence he committed in case, the building Lillis [1972] . Dissertation Statistical Services! Revolves around entry of a building as a trespasser. Building – probably not a tent or a telephone box. (4) References in subsections (1) and (2) above to a building, and the reference in essay alienation catcher rye, subsection (3) above to a building which is a dwelling, shall apply also to an inhabited vehicle or vessel, and shall apply to any such vehicle or vessel at times when the person having a habitation in it is not there as well as at times when he is. Houses, flats, inhabited vessels, caravans in fact any building actively occupied is a dwelling, except at tent (the general view is that a tent has insufficient permanence even if it being lived in). The Act specifies a building, not a dwelling although most people think of statistical financial burglary when their home is invaded. A building comprised “a structure of considerable size and intended to be permanent or at least to endure for a considerable time” Inhabited vehicle or vessel. Consider caravans cf blood transfusion and similar trailers. Must be actively occupied . And similar structures are without doubt buildings. The building does not need to be inhabited so would include farm outhouses, stables or silos. It does not need to have a roof, for writing about eighth, example a partly constructed building or one that has had it blown off in a storm. Lush J “…it is sufficient that it should be a connected and entire structure. I do not think four walls erected a foot high would be a building.” Meaning of building widely construed. Not articulated lorry trailers. Includes a 25’ old freezer containers without wheels and immobile. Dissertation Statistical! Areas 'within' buildings included (part of a building) if there is essay period no general access to them. D went inside a 'till island' to statistical financial look into the drawers of the island guilty of burglary, he was a trespasser in part of the building. Research In Pakistan! (Dagenham’s – Oxford Street ). D hid himself in the stock area of a department store. When the store had closed he was discovered. There was no evidence that he was a trespasser when he entered the dissertation statistical services, store. The prosecution should have alleged he was a trespasser when entering the stock room. He was acquitted. Essay Alienation Rye! Similar to Walkington , they are parts of the building that can be burgled. ‘Enter’ as a ‘Trespasser’ – there must be an entry - the entry must be trespassory. Intentionally or recklessly. Dissertation Services! A subjective account must be taken as to whether the accused saw himself as a trespasser. If D enters accidentally, he is not necessarily a trespasser for the purposes of burglary, Lord Edmund Davies in Collins . Essay On Renaissance! D must be a trespasser in civil law, plus an element of mens rea. Stumbles in or is dissertation pushed in he is not a trespasser at civil law. If D stumbles into a building or is pushed he is not a trespasser in civil law, and therefore not a trespasser for about traffic jam essay, the purposes of burglary. Services! Civil law trespass alone is not enough D must have knowledge he is a trespasser or be reckless as to whether he is papers on economics in pakistan a trespasser. The mens rea required in relation to statistical services the trespassory entry under s 9(1)(a) is knowledge at the time of entry that one lacks proper permission. Under s 9(1)(b) D must have knowledge, at the time of the commission of the ulterior offence that, when he entered, he did not have proper permission to do so. An element of the actus reus is having entered as a trespasser the mens rea must be being aware (when stealing) that one has entered as a trespasser (not being aware, at literature eighth edition. kelley the time of entry, that one is financial entering as a trespasser). About Eighth Edition.! Lawful entry cannot become trespass because of subsequent actions. Entry with the occupier's consent cannot be trespass. If the dissertation statistical financial, entry to the building is lawful (with consent of the occupier) and the invited person commits a hostile act, in the civil law of Tort this is known as the doctrine of “trespass ab initio ” which has the essay, effect of making the statistical services, original entry a trespass and the person can be asked to leave. This principle has no place in the offence of burglary. The entry has to be trespassory. Entry of the wrong building by mistake is a trespass, more so if the person makes the mistake because they are drunk. Entering a building or part of a building innocently, and then D steals, guilty of 9(1)(b) If an mla format when essays, hotel guest enters a room with the intention of going to dissertation financial bed, but enters a room that is identical to his room in writing literature edition. griffith, complete innocence (we shall assume for the purpose of the example the key operates both rooms) although he is a trespasser, according to the above principles, he is not a trespasser for dissertation services, the purposes of section 9(1)(a) because he has no mens rea . If having entered the room he realises it is not his room because the lawful occupier has left out her jewels he would then know he had entered the part of the building as a trespasser, if he then steals the writing essays about eighth kelley, jewels he is guilty of dissertation services financial 9(1)(b). Supposing he finds his wife in studies, the room with the occupier against dissertation financial, whom he then inflicts GBH, this too would be burglary, for jam essay, the same reason. Substantial entry must have taken place before consent was given in order for the entry to be complete. (Naked man on statistical services, windowsill case). Writing Essays Kelley! Key word is no longer ‘effective’ Up to jury, whether he has ‘entered’ Ryan [1996] (Found jammed in a widow, had to be rescued by the Fire Brigade). His entry was neither substantial nor effective (because he could not steal; or indeed do anything. This is now the preferred case and dissertation statistical services financial, restores the Common Law position before the writing eighth edition. griffith, Theft Act – that any part of the body entering constitutes and entry. Entry by services the tool of theft. So entry by an instrument used to effect entry, say a chisel or a jemmy would not be burglary, but entry of any part of the body or a tool, say a fishing rod, used to steal would be an entry. Entry by innocent agent. Catcher! Putting a child under ten (or a monkey) into a building would constitute an services financial, entry in the same way as an inanimate instrument. Permission to enter. A person in possession (an occupier) can give and mla format when writing, withdrawn permission, Father can exclude daughter’s friends; but until he does, they are not trespassers. Statistical Services! She can invite them in essays literature eighth edition. kelley griffith, because she too is in possession (as was the girl in Collins). Statistical Services Financial! If the father had earlier banned the daughter’s guests, the friends would not be trespassers until they knew of the ban. However, the overarching authority of the parent would only apply to such activities the parent(s) would approve of. For example, social intercourse after midnight but probably not any other type of intercourse. Exceeding the research papers on economics in pakistan, general permission to enter makes D a trespasser. A son 'stole' with an accomplice a television set from his father's house when he was visiting, as he was allowed to do. The Ulterior offences. Mens Rea – ulterior offences are specific intent. Always Cunningham recklessness throughout. (Rape and damage can be basic intent – Majewski – but also can be intended, so require specific intent) . Remember the dissertation services financial, mens rea of the ulterior offence has to be proved, in essays, addition to intentional or reckless trespass. So for example, theft requires proof of dishonesty and dissertation statistical financial, intention to leadership case studies deprive. Mens rea must accompany trespassory entry. Electricity cannot be stolen, only dissertation statistical financial fraudulently abstracted. So entering and using electrical appliance is not burglary. D can be convicted of the ulterior offence, if burglary cannot be fully proved. Mla Format When Essays! D can be convicted of the ulterior offence because of the dissertation statistical services financial, provisions of catcher rye 6(3) Criminal Law Act 1967. By striking out everything which is statistical services financial not been proved in a charge of burglary if what remains (for example the theft) is jam essay proved then D can be convicted of the lesser ulterior offence. It is immaterial that the remaining offence could not have formed an ingredient of the charge of burglary, for statistical financial, example a theft outside a building, as was the case in R v Lillis [1972]. Intent to Commit GBH. Unnecessary to prove an assault. Does not actually say in the Act that the offence of GBH is necessary but it is generally thought that it is what is meant. Intent to Commit Rape. This offence was removed by traffic the Sexual Offences Act 2003 . Intent to Commit Unlawful Damage. Criminal damage contrary to the 1971 is probably what is meant. Prior to 1979 conditional intent was not sufficient = a burglars' charter Conditional intent will suffice, meaning quite simply that all that is required is dissertation statistical services intent to steal. It is not necessary to prove what was the objected that D intended to steal. Law Commission Report No. 177, Criminal Law: A Criminal Code for England and Wales Volume 2: Commentary on Draft Criminal Code Bill, 1989, p. 271.

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    Plasmolysis On Onion Cell Essays and Research Papers. OBSERVING PLASMOLYSIS IN ONION CELLS (_ALLIUM CEPA_) I. INTRODUCTION Plasmolysis is the process in . plant cells in which the cytoplasm is dissertation statistical services financial, separated from the cell wall as a result of water loss through osmosis. Osmosis is a type of passive transport involving movement of essay period, water molecules across a partially permeable membrane. Statistical Financial. 1. RESEARCH QUESTION How does 15% NaCl solution affect the appearance of onion cells ? 2. HYPOTHESIS If onion cells are submerged in solutions of essay on renaissance, NaCl of different concentrations. Bacteria , Cell , Cell membrane 743 Words | 6 Pages. Osmosis: Sodium Chloride and Onion Cells. Osmosis/ Plasmolysis Lab Name: Problem: How do solutions of statistical services financial, various salt concentrations influence osmosis in relation to jam essay an . onion cell ? Materials: (per student group): red onion epidermis forceps, dropper distilled water NaCl solution paper towels microscope slide cover slip Procedure 1. Services. Make a wet mount of the red onion epidermis. 2. Examine under low power.

    When you have a clear view of several cells , switch to high power. Make a labeled drawing. Cell membrane , Cell nucleus , Onion 442 Words | 3 Pages. EFFECT OF SODIUM CHLORIDE ON ONION EPIDERMAL CELLS INRODUCTION A living plant cell will shrinks or swells . depending on the solute concentration of the mla format writing cell in relation to services the solute concentration of the on economics fluid surrounding the cell (1). It follows that water will move from a region of high water concentration to dissertation statistical a region of case studies, low water concentration therefore, if a cell is placed in a hypertonic solution water will move from the dissertation services cell into the solution until the essay on renaissance cell shrinks(1). Dissertation Statistical Services. Further water loss. Cell , Cell biology , Cell membrane 743 Words | 3 Pages. Osmosis in Red Onion Cells By: Youssef Gharib Brief Description of Osmosis in Red Onion cells : . Essay Rye. Osmosis is the diffusion of water from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration across a semi-permeable membrane.

    The purpose of this lab is to compare the three different types of dissertation statistical, solutions affect on the relative size of the vacuole to the cell , the outer membrane of onion red cells (tunics) are used to figure out the different types. In the red onion you can see effects promptly. Cell , Onion , Organelle 1397 Words | 5 Pages. Cheek and Onion Cell Experiment The aim of this experiment will be to show that different cells have different . structures and textures. Hypothesis I believe that viewing these different cell types under the microscope will show more detail and essay rye variations between the cells . Method Apparatus All apparatus was collected and setup as shown in statistical financial the table below.

    CHEEK CELL ONION CELL Microscope Microscope Slide Slide Methylene Blue Iodine Spatula Microscopic Cover Slip Microscopic Cover. Cell , Cell type , Cell wall 260 Words | 3 Pages. B04 onion skin lab SNC 2D Name:______________________________ . Lab: Investigation of the Structure of Onions Cells Purpose: To investigate the essay on renaissance structure of onion cells and become familiar with some of the basic parts of dissertation services, a cell . Traffic Jam Essay. This lab will also introduce you to the technique of dissertation statistical services, preparing a wet mount slide. Materials: microscope pencil cover slips lens paper paper towels blank white paper ruler known field of views beaker tweezers glass slides eraser medicine dropper . Laboratory equipment 1055 Words | 4 Pages. would cause “Incipient Plasmolysis ”. Research In Pakistan. Theory Plasmolysis is the result of financial, a (in particular) plant cell which has . Leadership Case Studies. lost vast amounts of water.

    When this happens, turgor pressure within the cell has decreased to the point where the cytoplasm of the dissertation cell membrane peels away from the cell wall. When this begins to happen it is called Incipient Plasmolysis and when the cytoplasm is almost completely gone it is call “full/complete” Plasmolysis . Plasmolysis is only possible if the cell is placed in a hypertonic. Bacteria , Cell , Cell membrane 1696 Words | 5 Pages. out of the case biological material and collected in suitable receiving vessels. Statistical Services. AIM OF EXPERIMENT * To view the parts of research in pakistan, a cell * To . Dissertation Statistical Services Financial. differentiate between plant and animal cell APPARATUS 1. Microscope 2. Filter paper 3. Alienation. Cover slip 4. Glass slide 5. Knife 6. Litmus paper MATERIALS 1. Potato 2. Statistical. Onions 3. Iodine 4. Cheek cells 5. Methylene blue 6. Distilled water PROCEDURES A. Papers In Pakistan. Observation of starch grain i. The potato was cut to obtain. Bacteria , Cell , Cell membrane 1210 Words | 4 Pages.

    Compare the Size of Cheek Cell and Onion Cell. the size of cheek cell and dissertation services onion cell DCP: Introduction: In this experiment, Onion . cells (Allium cepa) Cheek cells (Homo sapiens) were measured and compared. The aim of this experiment is to papers in pakistan find out how both cells differ by comparing their size. Statistical Services Financial. Onion cells (Allium cepa) is leadership case, plant cell and Cheek cells (Homo sapiens) is an animal cell . Hypothesis: The size of an animal cell (Homo sapiens) should be smaller than a plant cell (Allium cepa). Because a plant cell has cell wall which is to maintain. Cell , Cell wall , Eukaryote 793 Words | 4 Pages. Incipient Point of Plasmolysis Lab. point of incipient plasmolysis of onion cells (Allium cepa) using NaCl (Sodium Chloride) concentrations of 0.1M, . Dissertation Statistical Services Financial. 0.2M, 0.3M, 0.4M, 0.5M, 0.6M Design Research Question (Aim): The aim of this lab was to determine the point of incipient plasmolysis of onion (Allium cepa) cells using Sodium Chloride (NaCl) concentrations of when writing, 0.1M, 0.2M, 0.3M, 0.4M, 0.5M, 0.6M. Hypothesis: When the statistical water concentration of a solution outside the cell is lower than the concentration inside the research in pakistan cell , water will move. Cell wall , Concentration , Cytorrhysis 1620 Words | 6 Pages.

    Osmosis The purpose of this lab is to study how membranes of plant and dissertation services financial animal cells react when exposed to different solutions. The first . experiment involves purple onion skin and the second involves rat blood in various solutions. I needed to understand certain terms before preforming this lab to be able to efficiently explain what is happening to the cells . Diffusion is the tendency of a substance to move down its concentration gradient from case a more concentrated to a less concentrated area. . Bacteria , Cell , Cell membrane 1408 Words | 4 Pages. POTENTIAL OF CELL SAP OF PLANT EPIDERMAL CELLS Aim: The purpose of this experiment is to investigate the dissertation statistical services financial effects that . the molarity of the sucrose solution and distilled water have on rye the plasmolisys of statistical financial, epidermal cells of a red onion . Hypothesis: Taking in consideration osmosis, and on renaissance my knowledge about it, my prediction is dissertation services, that as the molarity of the solution under which the cells are exposed will increase, also the amount of plasmolysed cells , counted from essay alienation catcher rye amount of undamaged cells taken into. Chemistry , Concentration , Cytorrhysis 765 Words | 3 Pages. Plasmolysis: Cell and Plant Cells Materials. ?Study of plasmolysis Objective: To study the phenomenon of plasmolysis and deplasmolysis in plant cells . Materials required: onion bulb,watchglass,petridish,forceps,brush,needles,microscope,coverslip,sucrose solution. ( Onion is taken as it is easily available) Procedure: 1. Take an onion bulb. Services. Peel off a thin peel from the fleshy leaves. 2. Keep the peel in water in a watch glass.

    3. When Essays. Transfer this peel on a clean glass slide and cover it with a glass cover slip. 4. Observe the cells in the. Cell , Cell biology , Cell wall 295 Words | 2 Pages. 1: fundamentals of services, science. Title An investigation of an onion cell using a light microscope. Aim: The aim of this . investigation is to identify the papers on economics in pakistan cells within an onion skin using a light microscope. An onion cell is a plant cell which through the light microscope, it should outline the cell wall, cell membrane and the nucleus. Statistical. Introduction: Plant cells have a cell wall and cell membrane which animal cells do not have. Writing Literature Edition. Kelley Griffith. The cell wall provides support and is relatively rigid, which consists.

    Bacteria , Cell , Cell membrane 493 Words | 2 Pages. An Investigation Into the Effects of Osmosis Potato Cells. AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE EFFECTS OF OSMOSIS POTATO CELLS SKILL AREA P: PLANNING Introduction The aim of this . Dissertation Services. investigation is to see the effect of varying concentrations of glucose solution on essay the amount of osmotic activity between the services financial solution and a potato chip. An investigation into Plasmolysis in traffic jam essay onion cells was undertaken prior to this experiment, in order to gain some knowledge of osmosis to enable a hypothesis to be formed. Preliminary Work and Scientific Knowledge . Cell , Cell wall , Osmosis 1523 Words | 5 Pages. correct. High Power should show only a couple of cells that take up most of the viewing field.

    The micoscope is designed to view the slide at . different spots, so not all drawings will look like this one. Images were snipped from the services financial virtual microscope's flash animation. About Eighth Kelley. Scanning (4) | Low (10) | High (40) | 3. Statistical Financial. Go to google and type cheek cells into the search box. Writing Essays Literature Edition. Griffith. Click on images to dissertation statistical see all the writing about literature eighth griffith images google has found on the web showing cheek cells (there should be hundreds). What do all of.

    Bacteria , Cell , Cell membrane 1269 Words | 4 Pages. Joanne Chan 12C Joanne Chan 12C Size of Allium cepa cells and Ovibos moschatus Oculi cells : Data collection and services processing . Raw data Table 1: Longest length recorded of papers on economics, Allium cepa cells and Ovibos moschatus Oculi cells Length of Allium cepa cells / m - ±5.0 | Diameter of financial, Ovibos moschatus Oculi cells / m - ±5.0 | 330.0 | 25.0 | 360.0 | 30.0 | 320.0 | 30.0 | 280.0 | 40.0 | 300.0 | 40.0 | 350.0 | 30.0 | 300.0 | 30.0 | 290.0 | 30.0 | 420.0 | 20.0 | 280.0 | 40.0 | 310. Arithmetic mean , Cell , Cell wall 1275 Words | 5 Pages. ?Observing Onion Cells Science 8 Observing Onion Cells ***Do not write . Studies. anywhere on this piece of paper. It will be used again this afternoon. ***** Instructions. On a piece of paper, write the title (see above), the dissertation statistical services financial date, your block, and your name. Writing About Literature Eighth Griffith. Then copy out the statistical financial problem (see below). Problem. What structures can you observe in literature edition. kelley an onion cell when using a compound light microscope? Hypothesis.

    On your lab report, below your Problem, write a Hypothesis that will. Lens , Magnification , Microscope 1232 Words | 5 Pages. Experiment to dissertation services financial look at onion cells using a light telescope Experiment Write Up. Looking at onion cells using a light microscope. Case Studies. Apparatus; - 1x Light Microscope. - 2x Pipettes. - 1x Beaker (100 ml). Dissertation Statistical Services Financial. - 1x . Essay Alienation Catcher. Small Onion . - 1x Knife. - 1x Forceps. - 1x Microscope Slide. - 1x Cover Slip/Glass. - Water. - Iodine Solution. - Marble Tile. Dissertation Financial. - Plastic Gloves. - Window/Strong Light Source. Pre-Practical - Setting Up the Experiment; Place the onion onto a marble tile. Traffic. Using a knife, chop the onion into pieces that are roughly 1.5-2 centimeters.

    Then discard the rest of the onion . Place. Laboratory glassware , Lens , Microscope 703 Words | 5 Pages. Osmosis: Cell Wall and Sodium Chloride Solution. plasmoylsis and turgor in plant cells Investigation * Get a single layer of plant cells . If you are using red . Services Financial. onion , cut a 1 cm square from a fleshy piece of onion and mla format then peel off a single layer of the red cells . Dissertation Statistical Services. If you are using rhubarb, peel a piece from the epidermis. If you are using toadflax peel a piece of the lower epidermis of a leaf. Research On Economics. * Place the strip on a slide and statistical services financial cover it with a drop or two of distilled water. Add a cover slip. Essay Alienation Catcher. * Look at the cells through a microscope. Start. Cell , Cell membrane , Cell wall 682 Words | 3 Pages.

    Experiment title: Preparation of Biological Materials for services, Microscopic Examination Objectives: 1. To learn how to writing about literature eighth kelley use a microscope. 2. To study the dissertation . cell structure of papers in pakistan, starch grains, onion cells and cheek cells . 3. To differentiate the difference between starch grains, onion cells and financial cheek cells . Introduction: Microscope is an studies optical instrument use to magnify micro objects that hardly or impossible to be observed by naked eyes, so that the objects can be studied. Compound light microscope. Cell , Cell biology , Cell wall 1414 Words | 5 Pages. living plant cells Backround If a plant cell is in contact with a HYPERTONIC solution, that is a solution that has a . highersolute concentration than the statistical services financial cell contents, water leaves the cell by osmosis via the cell membrane. Water is lost first from the mla format when essays cytoplasm and then the sap vacuole through the tonoplast.

    The PROTOPLAST – the living part of the dissertation services cell (cytoplasm+nucleus) shrinks and eventually pulls away form the cell wall – this process is jam essay, called PLASMOLYSIS , and the cell is said to be. Cell , Cell membrane , Cell wall 346 Words | 2 Pages. in relation to three onion cells and the impact on the cells structure. Dissertation Services. A small square of a red . onion skin (membrane) was observed under a microscope at high power (X40) magnification. The observation showed a large number of essay, onion cells . Statistical. The structure of one onion cell had a general rectangular shape with a developed cell wall, which gives the rectangular shape to the cell and a cell membrane just beneath it. The observation under the microscope of a cell of an traffic jam essay onion skin soaked for 15 minutes. Cell , Cell membrane , Cell wall 668 Words | 2 Pages. Cell Cycle and dissertation services Dividing Cells Number.

    Science 9-Biology Observing Cell Division Lab Purpose: To use the microscope to observe and sketch plant . cells and on renaissance animal cells in statistical services financial various stages of the cell cycle. Equipment and Materials: Compound Microscope Laptops Prepared Slide of Onion (Allium) Root Tips Prepared Slide of Whitefish Mitosis BC Science 9 Text pg. 162-163 Part 1-Plant Cells Procedure: 1. Take a prepared slide of an onion tip root and traffic jam essay observe it under low power. Binary fission , Cell , Cell cycle 645 Words | 5 Pages. this principle, a purple onion cell is going to dissertation statistical financial be bathed in different concentrations of salt (NaCl) water. Problem: How do . solutions of on economics, various salt concentrations influence osmosis in relation to an onion cell ? Hypothesis What will happen to dissertation statistical financial the onion cell if it is placed in essay on renaissance salt water? What will happen to the onion cell if it is placed in distilled water? If ..the onion cell is placed in statistical services financial salt water then. the cell will shrivel up . Bacteria , Cell , Cell membrane 573 Words | 2 Pages. Examination of Onion Epidermal Cells. Examination of Onion Epidermal Cells Requirements: Iodine solution ? HARMFUL Onion Distilled Water . Apparatus: Microscope Microscope slides cover slips Tile Knife Tweezers Pasteur Pipettes Assignment: I was given the mla format onion once it had been chopped up on the tile, ready for me to peel back the dissertation skin I required using the tweezers. I then placed piece of onionskin onto the microscope slide, making sure there were no folds or creases, and put a drop of essay alienation, iodine onto statistical services financial, the slide.

    Cell , Cell nucleus , Cover slip 339 Words | 2 Pages. OSMOSIS Han Cheng Water passes through aquaporins in essay alienation rye cell membranes from an area of high water concentration (low solute concentration) to an . area of statistical services financial, low water concentration (high solute concentration). This process is called osmosis. It requires no cellular energy to be used, and traffic jam essay occurs due to the random, continuous motion of all molecules. Dissertation. If a cell is placed in period an environment in which the statistical financial concentration of water is less than in the cell (hypertonic), water will flow from the cytoplasm and/or. Bacteria , Cell , Cell membrane 1728 Words | 8 Pages. Extraction of DNA from an on renaissance Onion Molecular biologists and services financial biochemists are involved with research in edition. finding out as much as possible about the . DNA in plants. Dissertation Statistical Services. DNA was discovered in the 1950’s, there still remains a lot to be known about it, especially how it is used to on renaissance determine the physical traits that we all have, and how it regulates the workings of the body. deoxyribonucleic acid is a chemical, we can do reactions with it just like we can work with any other chemical. Experiment: Note: . Buffer solution , Carbonic acid , Chemical polarity 1346 Words | 4 Pages.

    DETERMINATION OF THE WATER POTENTIAL OF POTATO TUBER CELLS . Method. Five sucrose solutions with varying molarity and one control . containing distilled water were prepared and statistical services poured into test tubes. The potato discs were dried, weighed and added to the test tubes. Research Papers In Pakistan. The discs were then weighed again after a period of 24 hours. The percentage change in dissertation statistical mass was then calculated. Apparatus. #61623; Specimen tubes with stoppers x6 #61623; 1cm3 diameter cork borer #61623; razor.

    Chemistry , Concentration , Osmosis 1239 Words | 5 Pages. a.1 Eukaryotic Cell vs Prokaryotic Cell All cells can be classfied into prokaryotes and essay catcher eukaryotes. Prokaryotes . were the only form of statistical services financial, life on Earth for millions of years until more complicated eukaryotic cells came into being through the process of evolution. Comparison chart All attributes Differences Similarities | Eukaryotic Cell | Prokaryotic Cell | Nucleus: | Present | Absent | Number of chromosomes: | More than one | One--but not true chromosome: Plasmids | Cell Type: | Multicellular. Archaea , Bacteria , Cell 1020 Words | 4 Pages.

    ? Cell Respiration Respiration is the jam essay process by which organisms burn food to produce energy. The starting material of cellular respiration is . the sugar glucose, which has energy stored in its chemical bonds. Statistical. You can think of glucose as a kind of cellular piece of coal: chock-full of energy, but useless when you want to power a stereo. Just as burning coal produces heat and energy in the form of mla format essays, electricity, the chemical processes of respiration convert the energy in glucose into usable form. Adenosine.

    Adenosine triphosphate , Cellular respiration , Citric acid cycle 1798 Words | 5 Pages. October 2014 Cell Division Mitosis Abstract Mitosis and Meiosis: Cells can be divided in unicellular organisms or in . multi-cellular organisms. Dissertation. DNA controls the cell division. Bacteria reproduce by a process called binary fission. Essays. Bacteria have one chromosome that's attached to the cell membrane. The chromosome replicates and the two copies separate as the dissertation statistical financial cell grows. Over a period of time this one cell makes two cells . Eukaryotes do the essay on renaissance period process of statistical financial, mitosis. In mitosis, each daughter cell gets about. Cell , Cell cycle , Chromosome 1622 Words | 7 Pages. EXTRACTION OF DNA FROM ONIONS ABSTRACT The purpose of the research in pakistan experiment was to experience firsthand the financial isolation of DNA form a plant tissue . without destroying its structure and sequence. A white onion was used for the experiment.

    After several processes, DNA isolate was the about jam essay visible result. Different chemical tests were performed on the DNA isolate, namely: Dische Test, Murexide Test, Wheeler-Johnson test and Test for Phosphate. Visible results were then noted. INTRODUCTION DNA (deoxyribonucleic. Bacteria , Cell , Cell membrane 1457 Words | 6 Pages. out a practical examination on a plant ( onion ) and an animal (cheek) cell under a light microscope. The stain methods I am going . to use are iodine for my onion cell and methylene blue for my cheek cell . Financial. Introduction All animals and plants are made up of cells . Animal and plant cells are made from millions of tiny cells , so small that we are unable to see them with our naked eye.

    Animals and plants have many features in jam essay common within a cell such as a cell membrane, cytoplasm, mitochondria, ribosomes. Bacteria , Cell , Cell wall 1048 Words | 5 Pages. purpose of the investigation is to determine the time an onion cell spends in each part of the cell cycle. B. The . significance of this investigation is to help us understand and know how long cells are undergoing mitosis. My personal interest is to know the dissertation services financial phases of mitosis in cells in order to someday help find cures for cancer. C. The cell cycle is a chronological set of events, culminating in cell growth and about traffic jam essay division into two daughter cells . Dissertation Statistical Services. Some of the reasons why mitosis occurs include growth.

    Cell cycle , Cell nucleus , Centrosome 529 Words | 4 Pages. ? Cells are considered the basic units of life in part because they come in research papers on economics discrete and services financial easily recognizable packages. That's because all . cells are surrounded by a structure called the cell membrane. The cell is the very smallest unit of living matter. Writing Essays About Literature Eighth Edition. Kelley Griffith. All living things including plants and animals are made up of cells . Cells are made of atoms, which are the smallest units of matter. There are many different kinds of cells . The two kinds you are most likely to statistical be familiar with are animal and plant. Archaea , Bacteria , Cell 1163 Words | 5 Pages.

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    1984 essay language Written February 27, 2000; Modified May 9, 2000. If you quote or paraphrase from my essay, please give me due credit. Language as the #147;Ultimate Weapon#148; in Nineteen Eighty-Four. George Orwell, like many other literary scholars, is interested in the modern use of the English language and, in particular, the abuse and misuse of English. He realises that language has the power in politics to mask the truth and mislead the statistical services public, and he wishes to jam essay, increase public awareness of this power.

    He accomplishes this by placing a great focus on Newspeak and the media in his novel Nineteen Eighty-Four . Statistical Services Financial! Demonstrating the repeated abuse of language by the government and by the media in his novel, Orwell shows how language can be used politically to deceive and manipulate people, leading to a society in which the people unquestioningly obey their government and mindlessly accept all propaganda as reality. Language becomes a mind-control tool, with the mla format when essays ultimate goal being the dissertation statistical destruction of will and imagination. As John Wain says in essay on renaissance period, his essay, #147;[Orwell#146;s] vision of 1984 does not include extinction weapons . . . He is not interested in extinction weapons because, fundamentally, they do not frighten him as much as spiritual ones#148; (343). Paul Chilton suggests that the language theme in Orwell#146;s novel has its roots in the story of the Tower of Babel (2). Statistical! When God destroys the Towel of Babel, the civilizations which have contributed to the construction of the Tower suffer ever-after from the Curse of Confusion.

    The Curse both makes languages #147;mutually unintelligible#148;, and about traffic jam essay, alters their nature so that #147;they no longer lucidly [express] the nature of dissertation services financial, things, but rather [obscure] and [distort] them#148; (Chilton, 2). Orwell#146;s Newspeak , the ultra-political new language introduced in essay on renaissance, Nineteen Eighty-Four , does precisely that: it facilitates deception and manipulation, and its purpose is to restrict understanding of the real world. Chilton also suggests that a corollary to this is that #147;each post-Babel language [becomes] a closed system containing its own untranslatable view of the statistical financial world#148; (2). Certainly, the essay on renaissance period ultimate aim of Newspeak is to enclose people in an orthodox pseudo-reality and isolate them from the real world. Whereas people generally strive to expand their lexicon, the dissertation services financial government in essays edition. griffith, Nineteen Eighty-Four actually aims to cut back the Newspeak vocabulary. One of the Newspeak engineers says, #147;[we#146;re] cutting the language down to statistical financial, the bone . . On Economics! . Newspeak is the only language in financial, the world whose vocabulary gets smaller every year#148; (55).

    By manipulating the research papers on economics language, the financial government wishes to alter the public#146;s way of thinking. This can be done, psychologists theorise, because the leadership case studies words that are available for the purpose of dissertation, communicating thought tend to influence the way people think. The linguist Benjamin Lee Whorf was a firm believer in this link between thought and language, and writing essays about literature eighth edition. kelley, he theorised that #147;different languages impose different conceptions of reality#148; (Myers 352). So when words that describe a particular thought are completely absent from a language, that thought becomes more difficult to think of and communicate. For the Inner Party, the goal is to impose an orthodox reality and make heretical thought (#145;thoughtcrime#146;) impossible. #147;In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible,#148; explains the Newspeak engineer, #147;because there will be no words in which to express it#148; (55). By design, Newspeak narrows the range of thought and shortens people#146;s memories. It is therefore ideal for a totalitarian system, in which the government has to rely on a passive public which lacks independent thought and which has a great tolerance for mistakes, both past and present. #147;To expand language is to expand the ability to think,#148; says Myers (353).

    Conversely, to restrict language, as with Newspeak, is to restrict the range of thought. Chilton identifies the specific features of Newspeak that help restrict thought: #147;reduced complexity, few abstractions, and no self­reference#148; (37). Such narrowed public thought is what the Inner Party prefers, because a public that lacks the ability to think vividly poses less of dissertation statistical services financial, a threat than one that can readily criticise the government and essay, defend itself from harm. However, an interesting consequence of this narrowed thought is that the public#146;s memory is also effectively shortened. Services! #147;The Inner Party [deprives] people of papers on economics in pakistan, their own words and in so doing, deprives them of memory#148; (Lewis and dissertation statistical services, Moss 51). After O#146;Brien forces Winston to embrace Ingsoc, for instance, Winston#146;s imagination decays and he #147;[can] no longer fix his mind on any one subject for more than a few moments at on renaissance period, a time#148; (301). Financial! Winston, like the majority of the public, suffers when he is robbed of his words and thoughts. Consequently, #147;memory, with its attendant richness and variety, atrophies#148; since #147;memories die when they go unrehearsed in words#148; (Lewis and Moss 51).

    Given that Newspeak is such a politically-motivated language, why does the writing essays about eighth edition. kelley griffith public in Nineteen Eighty-Four accept it? After all, the Party is undertaking a project of monumental proportions: they are trying to completely replace a common language (English, or #147;Oldspeak#148;), and one would expect great opposition to services financial, such a plan. The Party is able to achieve this by again employing psychological tactics. Instead of forcing the public to use Newspeak by law, the Party ensures that the public is immersed in the new language. Nobody is forced to read or write in Newspeak, but #147;its ubiquitous broadcast creates a pressure to employ it simply in order to communicate economically#148; (Chilton 37). Orwell#146;s novel paints a nightmarish picture of a totalitarian system gone to the absolute extreme, but it is a novel that is fundamentally about psychological control of the public. Research Papers On Economics! Of course, the Party does employ torture as part of its control regimen, but the dissertation services psychological control tactics are the dominant ones in the novel. While physical punishment is essays literature kelley, difficult to administer, psychological tactics (manipulation of people through language) can be continuously applied to the general public without raising great public opposition or fear #151; and that is where its strength lies.

    It is for this reason that #147;Newspeak rather than torture is planned as the way to financial, erase thoughtcrime#148; (Stansky 88). However, while Newspeak is a very significant method of mind control through language, it is just a part of a greater Inner Party scheme. It is, in fact, the case studies Party-controlled media in statistical financial, the novel that expertly uses Newspeak as well as other linguistic trickery to spread its propaganda and brainwash the public. The media is powerful as a tool for manipulation both because the public is widely exposed to it, and also because the public trusts it. The telescreens continuously shout bursts of news and leadership case studies, propaganda throughout the day, and the people listen intently and cheer at statistical services, #145;good news#146; (victories) and are driven to rage by about traffic jam essay #145;bad news#146;. Financial! The characters in essays, Orwell#146;s novel are slaves of the media; they revere it as an financial, oracle. When the telescreens initiate the Two Minutes Hate, for instance, the people are roused to a frenzy: #147;People were leaping up and down in their places and shouting at the tops of their voices . About Jam Essay! . . [a girl] had begun crying out #145;Swine! Swine! Swine!#146;#148; (16). Certainly, in Nineteen Eighty-Four , #147;[media information] does control some of the ways in which [people] think about and assess the world#148; (Lewis and Moss 47).

    The Party is interested in masking the statistical services financial truth, and writing, so the media manipulates language to present a distorted reality. As Orwell says in his essay Politics and dissertation statistical services, the English Language , #147;Political language . . . is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to on renaissance period, pure wind#148; (150). In the novel, these lies are quite obvious. For example, the media (controlled by the Party, of course) continually refers to the Ministries of Truth, Peace, Love, and Plenty. Services! In reality, however, the Ministry of Truth is concerned with the falsification of records, and the Ministry of Peace deals with warfare. The Ministry of Love is #147;the really frightening one#148; (6) as it is essay on renaissance, essentially a place for the questioning and torturing of suspected criminals. The Ministry of Plenty makes up economic figures to convince the public that the economy is in good shape, even though there are great shortages of all commodities due to the war. Although the irony in the titles is blatantly obvious, Orwell is making a point about how the media can use language to mask the truth. The totalitarian state of Oceania is in a constant state of war, and part of the Party#146;s ongoing struggle is to keep the public satisfied with this warfare. If the public were dissatisfied, they would resent the shortage of food and other commodities and possibly rebel against the Party. The Party therefore has to distract the public#146;s attention away from the negative side of services financial, warfare, and they use the essay alienation rye media to do this.

    By using only language that carries neutral or positive connotations to talk about anything related to war, the media successfully soothes an statistical financial, otherwise resentful public. For instance, the media never reports on the #147;twenty or thirty [rocket bombs] a week falling on London#148; (28), but rather inundates peoples#146; lives with good news about victories. Winston#146;s telescreen announces, #147;Our forces in South India have won a glorious victory. I am authorised to say that the action we are now reporting may well bring the war within measurable distance of its end#148; (28). Similar reports follow throughout the when entire novel, constantly celebrating the capture of dissertation statistical financial, enemies and the conquering of new territories, but never admitting any kind of defeat. In many ways, the media is relying on the principle that a piece of information that is repeated often enough becomes accepted as truth. Winston, a particularly strong-minded individual, is continually amazed to see his friends and colleagues swallow the lies that the media dishes out.

    For this form of brainwashing (#145;Duckspeak#146;) to be effective, #147;you just say things frequently and people eventually understand and say it themselves#148; (Chilton 27). This brainwashing is done through the words of the telescreens, newspapers and magazines. The media is skilled at research on economics in pakistan, engineering #145;truth#146; through language, and one of the most disturbing consequence of this developed in the novel is that the Party has ultimate control over history. After all, language is the link to history. Winston#146;s job in the Ministry of Truth is to modify news items and dissertation services financial, other documents that in one way or another make the mla format writing essays Party look bad. After he replaces an original document with the modified one, all the originals are destroyed. Orwell describes the process: This processes of dissertation services financial, continuous alteration was applied not only to leadership case studies, newspapers, but to books, periodicals, pamphlets, posters, leaflets . . . Day by day and almost minute by minute the past was brought up to date. In this way every prediction made by the Party could be shown by documentary evidence to have been correct; nor was any item of news, or any expression of opinion, which conflicted with the needs of the moment, ever allowed to remain on record. (42) Lewis and Moss believe that #147;the tactic is to obliterate history so that centres of opposition cannot grow#148; (51).

    Orwell shows us evidence that this tactic is working: even the main character, who knows exactly what is going on with the falsification of documents, has trouble recalling who Oceania is really at war with at the present. It is dissertation services financial, either Eurasia or Eastasia, but Winston is papers in pakistan, not sure because the Party keeps changing history. This nagging doubt eats away at Winston until he no longer knows what reality is; by the end of the novel, he is willing to accept the Party#146;s reality. Orwell#146;s novel asks the services philosophical question: if all available evidence shows something to be true, is it not true? Winston struggles with this idea of #147;Reality control#148; (37) as he works at the Ministry of Truth. #147;The frightening thing,#148; Winston thinks to himself, #147;[is] that it might all be true. If the Party [can] thrust its hand into the past and say of this or that event, it never happened #150; that, surely, [is] more terrifying than mere torture and about eighth edition. griffith, death#148; (36). Services Financial! One of Winston#146;s assignments is to invent a biography of a fictional soldier named Ogilvy, so that he can be honoured by Big Brother in a public address. After writing the description of Ogilvy#146;s life, Winston marvels at how #147;once the act of forgery [is] forgotten, [Ogilvy will] exist just as authentically, and upon writing about literature eighth edition. kelley griffith the same evidence, as Charlemagne or Julius Caesar#148; (50). As well as altering the past by manipulating written language, the Party has an ingenious plan to break the link with the real past by introducing a language barrier.

    When #147;all real knowledge of Oldspeak [disappears] . . . the whole literature of the past will have been destroyed#148; (56). After a few generations, when people are no longer capable of decoding information from the past, there will no longer even be a need to censor the financial history that has the potential for breeding unorthodox ideas #151; it will be completely out of the public#146;s reach. Thus, the manipulation of language and text not only effects the present, but also the past and future in more than one way. A Party slogan in the novel reads, #147;Who controls the past, controls the essay period future: who controls the present controls the past#148; (37). Services! Orwell#146;s novel is mla format essays, extreme, but it is not necessarily a prediction of the services financial future. Rahv believes that the book#146;s #147;importance is mainly in its powerful engagement with the on renaissance present#148; (183).

    Indeed, politicians have used written language to manipulate history both in the past and present. There was much distortion of services, history during the essays about Stalinist era, #147;when such standard works of misinformation as the statistical financial Soviet Encyclopaedia changed constantly with the party line, so that in successive editions Trotsky was first the essays literature edition. hero of the dissertation services financial Civil War, then an agent of the Mensheviks, and the western powers#148; (Woodcock 177). Patrick Wright suggests that the issue is still very much alive in the late twentieth century, citing as an example #147;[the British Secretary for Education, who] refused a number of proposed syllabus systems for the teaching of history in schools, finding them insufficiently assiduous in their promotion of the mythical, rather than simply historical, values of national unity and pride#148; (111). Equally alive today is the fear that politicians and the media abuse language to hide truth. Orwell gives examples of how politicians can twist words to deceive people in his essay Politics and the English Language : #147;Defenceless villages are bombarded from the about jam essay air, the inhabitants driven out into the countryside . . Dissertation Services! . this is called pacification . Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and leadership studies, sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry: this is called transfer of population or rectification of frontiers #148; (148). Woodcock refers to the modern jargon-filled English used by statistical services financial #147;newspaper editors, bureaucrats, radio announcers, and parliamentary speakers#148; who have, just as Orwell feared, a heavy #147;reliance on ready-made phrases#148; (92). Even more disturbing, in the twenty-first century we have now a rapidly growing, major industry based solely upon the manipulation of language and thought: advertising. Orwell#146;s novel carries a well-founded warning about the powers of language. It shows how language can shape people#146;s sense of reality, how it can be used to conceal truths, and even how it can be used to manipulate history. #147;Language is leadership case, one of the key instruments of political dominations, the necessary and insidious means of the dissertation financial #145;totalitarian#146; control of reality#148; (Rai, 122).

    While language in the traditional sense can expand horizons and improve our understanding of the world, Orwell#146;s novel demonstrates that language, when used in mla format when writing essays, a maliciously political way, can just as easily become #147;a plot against human consciousness#148; (Rahv, 182). Chilton, Paul. Orwellian Language and the Media . London: Pluto Press, 1988. Services Financial! Lewis, Florence and Peter Moss. The Tyranny of Language in Nineteen Eighty-Four in 1984 . Aubrey, Crispin and Paul Chilton, eds. London: Comedia Publishing Group, 1983. 45-57. Myers, David G. Essay On Renaissance Period! Psychology . Services! 4 th ed. Holland: Worth Publishers, 1986.

    Orwell, George. Nineteen Eighty-Four . London: Penguin Books, 1990. - - - . Politics and the English Language in Nineteen Eighty-Four: Text, Sources, Criticism . Ed. Irving Howe. New York: Harcourt, Brace World, Inc., 1963. Catcher Rye! 143-50. Rahv, Philip.

    The Unfuture of Utopia in Nineteen Eighty-Four: Text, Sources, Criticism . Statistical! 181-5. Rai, Alok. Orwell and the politics of despair: A critical study of the writings of George Orwell . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Stansky, Peter, ed. On Nineteen Eighty-Four . New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1983. Wain, John. Essays on Literature and Ideas - George Orwell (1) in Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism Vol.

    6 . 343-4. Woodcock, George. Orwell#146;s Message: 1984 and the Present . Madeira Park: Harbour Publishing Co. Ltd, 1984. Wright, Patrick.

    The Conscription of research in pakistan, History in Nineteen Eighty-Four in dissertation services financial, 1984 . 105-14.

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    deep short essays Short Essay Samples. Brought to you by -- The world's premier Application Essay editing service -- The New York Times Learning Network. Please select from the following short essay sets: Note: The below essays were not edited by EssayEdge Editors. They appear as they were initially reviewed by dissertation financial admissions officers. SAMPLE SHORT ESSAY SET 1:

    Georgetown, Saudi International Relations. For many years, I have been interested in research, studying international relations. Statistical Financial! My interest in pursuing this field stems from several factors which have affected me. First, I have been exposed to international affairs throughout my life. With my father and two of my brothers in the Saudi Foreign Service, I have grown up under the shadow of leadership inter-national affairs. Dissertation Statistical Services! Second, I am fascinated by history, economics, and diplomacy. I believe, through the study of when essays international relations, I can effectively satisfy my curiosity in dissertation statistical services financial, these fields. A third factor which has affected my interest in international relations is patriotism. Through the Foreign Service, I would not only have the opportunity to serve my country, but also have the chance to help bridge gaps between my country and others.

    Finally, as a Saudi living abroad, I have been bridging cultures throughout my life. This experience has taught me to on renaissance period, look for differences to compromise and similarities to synthesize in order to dissertation statistical financial, balance different cultures. In short, I believe that my experiences in life, combined with a rigorous academic education, will enable me to pursue a successful career in the Saudi Foreign Service. Georgetown, Favorite Class. At St. Albans, especially in our later years, we are given the freedom to alienation catcher, choose from statistical services financial, a vast array of classes. Using this freedom, I have selected classes which have personal significance to me, regardless of difficulty or appearance on my transcript. However, from these classes, one holds an leadership case, extraordinary amount of value to me. This course is A.P.

    Omnibus History, a combination of American and European history. Dissertation Statistical Services! There are several reasons for my great interest in this class. First, I am fascinated by the cyclical nature of the past. I see these recurring political, economic, and social trends as a means of looking forward into on economics in pakistan the future, while allowing us to avoid the mistakes of the past. Second, history teaches many lessons about the nature of financial human behavior, both past and present, providing insight into when writing the actions, desires, and aspirations of those around me. Finally, it lays a solid foundation for several disciplines, including political science, economics, and international relations, three fields of great interest to dissertation, me. Georgetown, Visual Arts. Another major interest of mine, which I have not had the opportunity to express elsewhere on my application, is the visual arts. Throughout high school, I have used a variety of writing about eighth edition. griffith media to express myself. Financial! I began with black and white photography, focusing on essay alienation rye, the presence of lines and statistical, balance in nature.

    For my work in when essays, this medium, I received an award at the St. Albans School Art Show. From photography, I moved on dissertation statistical, to glass etching. Using a sandblaster to etch the glass, I again concentrated on lines and essay, balance in my works. Moreover, by arranging several glass panes into financial a sculpture, I moved my study into three dimensions, winning another Art Show award. Currently, I am working on canvas, using oil and acrylic in a Mondrian style, which is based on lines and balance. Eventually, I hope to explore the effects of combining these and other media, creating my own style of artistic expression. In the past four years of my life, no activity has affected me more than wrestling. Four years of varsity wrestling and writing essays about edition. kelley, the honor of being a team captain has instilled many qualities in me. First, through years of hard work and continuous dieting, wrestling has given me discipline. This discipline has spread to other parts of my personality, including my moral character, work ethic, and perserverence.

    Another quality wrestling has given me is leadership. As a team captain, I have learned to services financial, lead by example, both on and off the leadership studies, mat. Above all, though, wrestling has given me a love of life. Through this sport, I have experienced pain, sacrifice, adversity, and financial, success. About Literature Eighth Kelley! Exposure to these feelings-which are, in my opinion, the essence of being-has allowed me to truly appreciate life. I hope to continue wrestling at dissertation statistical services, Georgetown. What immediately strikes the reader about research this set-before even reading it-is the balance between the essays. Each answer contains only one paragraph, each of approximately equal length.

    The solid structure of each essay and the focus of each reflects this outward balance. Each one focuses on a completely different area of its writer’s life, another striking detail. The first focuses on his career goals, the statistical services, second on his interest in history, the third on research in pakistan, his interest in the visual arts, and the fourth on wrestling. Dissertation Statistical Services! This is about traffic a perfect example of the jigsaw puzzle approach. When put together, you have a well-rounded individual with passion, depth, and involvement in many different areas. SAMPLE SHORT ESSAY SET 2:

    Throughout my life, I have tried to be a well-balanced person. Growing up in the South, I had a hard time fighting the stereotypical image of statistical a Chinese person. I was expected to be a math and science genius and nothing more. As it turned out, I defied my detractors by excelling in essay on renaissance, English and history along with math and science. And over the years, I have continued to maintain my academic standards. Nevertheless, I have also made sure that I am more than an academic person. I am an active one as well. Dissertation! In middle school, the most popular game during lunch was a basketball game called Salt and Pepper (white vs. black). The first day of school, I stepped onto leadership studies, the basketball courts and was greeted by cries of consternation, “Who is he? Is he salt or pepper?” But after the game, I had made a name for myself. From then onward, I would be known as Spice, and statistical services, the game we played became Salt, Pepper, and essay rye, Spice.

    When I moved to California, things were no different. I continued to play an dissertation services, active part both academically and socially. My involvement with Cross-country, Speech and traffic, Debate, Ultimate Frisbee and financial, numerous clubs guaranteed that I would not be only known as an Honors student. Like myself, Duke is much more than an papers, academic institution; it is a living institution. I feel that I will be given the opportunity to excel both academically and socially.

    Duke is a university known for its rich history and strong academic program. And, at the same time, it is also known for its innovation and progressiveness. These are qualities which draw me to the college. In addition, Duke and I have a lot in common. The two most important extracurricular activities I have are a major part of Duke University. Dissertation Financial! Duke’s Speech team is known for its strong Extemp squad. I remember the on renaissance period, time when my speech coach asked me what schools I was applying to.

    When I had listed my top five choices, he frowned at me and said, “Out of all those schools, I will only respect you if you either join us at Berkeley or go to Duke and extemp.” I hope I will be given the opportunity to statistical financial, contribute my part in the Duke Speech team. Equally important, the Duke University has a well-known Ultimate Frisbee team. I look forward expectantly to becoming a part of the team. Strange as it seems, Ultimate Frisbee is one of my top criteria for choosing my future college. It delights me that Duke places such great emphasis on the two extracurricular activities that mean most to me. My first year at Duke should be a great one. Majoring in economics at Duke should allow me to both pursue my major studies and essays, allow me time for dissertation statistical financial personal interests in Chinese and the Humanities. Moreover, in my spare time, I plan to join the Speech team and the Ultimate Frisbee team.

    Hopefully, with my previous experience, I will have an early start in both Speech and Ultimate. Yet, I will never forget why I’m in college in the first place. As long as I give organic chemistry a wide berth, I should be able to continue my level of academic excellence. Overall, my first year at Duke promises to essay on renaissance, be exciting, if a bit hectic. I find Hermann Hesse’s book, Narcissus and Goldmund, intellectually exciting. Dissertation Services! After reading the book last year, I remember putting it down and sighing contentedly. Essay On Renaissance! I had, after a sleepless night, finally finished. What I reveled in was not the fact that I could sleep, but that I had come away with an dissertation statistical services, inexplicable something. It was not an understanding which could be pinpointed and explained. Rather, it was a sense I felt in the depths of my soul.

    And yet, what delighted me more was that I knew that I had only begun to essay on renaissance period, understand the dissertation, book; that there remained countless messages which I could only sense but not grasp. Here, finally, I had a book which could be re-read. And every time I finished, I would come away with a new understanding of something I could not put into words. Unlike the normal academic, I do not want to about jam essay, find the final answer for everything. Throughout my life, I have always felt a sense of loss after succeeding in a long search.

    For me, it is not the ends I seek, but the means themselves. I am perfectly content to never find the final answer as long as I will always be able to find a better one. Duke, Chinese Culture/Economics. Born in Taiwan, I came to dissertation financial, the United States when I was five. Armed with only two words (“hello” and “popcorn”), I braved the uncertainties of a complex, new environment. Essay Catcher Rye! Twelve years later, my vocabulary is considerably larger and I have adapted well to my surroundings. At the same time, I have neither forgotten my native culture nor its language. My ties with my native Chinese culture remain as strong as ever. I visit my relatives in Taiwan regularly almost every summer and statistical, have traveled throughout China.

    And to everyone’s continuing surprise, I have yet to forget how to speak Mandarin. Nevertheless, twelve years in America has made its impressions upon me as well. I am as “American” as anyone my age. The songs I listen to, the sports I play, and the way I speak are all a reflection of that. In short, I am a combination of both East and West.

    Nevertheless, I sometimes wonder whether speaking Chinese at home and essay alienation, visits in the summer are enough to dissertation statistical services financial, maintain my ties with my native culture. Often, when I see my parents reading old Chinese literature or poetry, I feel that I am only in touch with half of what I am. This sense of loss has led me to seek out my old roots. Catcher! I turn to the East to rediscover what I have lost. Yet, I cannot resign myself to statistical, merely studying my own culture and language. I want to be able to apply my knowledge as well. To me, pursuing a career in business is a very pragmatic solution to leadership, my future welfare. My father is financial a businessman in Taiwan and I have had numerous opportunities to jam essay, watch him work. Through him, I have discovered my own interests in dissertation financial, the business field. Papers In Pakistan! I find the way business operates in the East to be very exciting.

    At the dissertation, same time, my father has soothed my sense of morality by showing me that it is possible to be an honest businessman in Asia. Before I learned about Duke, I had made up my mind to study economics and to alienation catcher, ultimately pursue a career in international business. I had come to see this path as the best combination for fulfilling both my aspirations towards knowledge and my pragmatic goals of a future livelihood. China, my planned area of focus, is an expanding market with a dearth of skilled business professionals. Dissertation Services! But I had misgivings because I wanted a school with a strong focus on the humanities as well. Thus, I find Duke University exciting and perfect for me. It gives me a strong economics curriculum, but still allows me to mla format essays, pursue my interests in the humanities. With economics at Duke University, I will have access to a wide array of studies both within and beyond my chosen major.

    I will have an edge in dissertation, the business world by virtue of Duke. After attending Duke (if I am accepted, of course), I will have a clear path before me. My studies at Duke should virtually guarantee me for any graduate business school. And, after my graduate studies, I will be able to realize my dreams. Perhaps, I will be able to serve as a bridge between East and West. These three well-written essays create a strong set. The first and the last would have been impressive on about traffic, their own. Reading them all together magnifies their impact considerably. Dissertation Statistical Services! This student does an especially good job of targeting the school. This student focuses his first essay on his extracurriculars and relates them to why Duke would be perfect for him. He focuses the third on his Chinese background and how it relates to writing literature edition. griffith, his career goals and academic interests.

    Then he also relates these interests to why Duke matches him perfectly. His favorite book provided the dissertation statistical financial, focus of the second essay. What makes this second essay better than others like it is that the applicant manages to mla format when writing, put himself into the question. Services Financial! He does not just talk about the book, he uses it to talk about traffic himself and stress the inquisitive nature of dissertation statistical services financial his personality-always a plus. SAMPLE SHORT ESSAY SET 3:

    Participating in my high school’s debate program has been my most meaningful activity these past four years. I have learned how to speak in front of leadership case studies a crowd without becoming nervous, how to think on dissertation services financial, my feet, and about traffic jam essay, how to argue the merits of any side of an dissertation statistical services financial, issue. Being on the debate team also allows me to educate myself on current topics of global importance such as the mla format writing, homeless problem, health care, and services financial, pollution. Throughout the three years I have dedicated to the activity, (high school) has always maintained a successful squad and I am quite proud to know that I have earned many of the trophies and awards that have helped make the program so successful and (high school) well known on the debate circuit. Because of the activity, I have learned that from education to communication, from when essays, argument to enlightenment, debate is necessary for two or more humans to transcend mere exchange of thought and achieve synergy instead. I now view success in debate as far more than a trophy; I now see it as evidence that I can successfully communicate my beliefs to others and have them logically accept them as their own, thus priming me for statistical any future challenges involving human interaction. Dartmouth, Honors and Awards. My most important honors since tenth grade have been winning the Brown University Book Award for my skills in English, being named as a National Merit Semifinalist (Finalist status pending), winning the Journalism Education Association National Write-off Award of Excellence in the Editorial division at a national conference, being selected as a Semifinalist in the NCTE Writing Contest for case my work in prose, being named as an dissertation statistical financial, Illinois State Scholar for my academic achievement in high school and essay alienation, my high A.C.T. Dissertation Statistical Financial! scores, being selected to research papers on economics, the Spanish Honor Society for my consistent success with the language in dissertation statistical financial, the classroom, being selected as the Student of the Month in the Foreign Language/Social Sciences division two years in about jam essay, a row for services financial my success in those classes, and in a culminating event, being featured in Who’s Who Among American High School Students for my overall scholastic success. Dartmouth, Summer at Dartmouth. Most of my past summer was spent away from essay, home.

    In that brief month in statistical, which I remained in (town name) I worked at (job) in order to earn the money I was going to spend on my trips. My first excursion was to the east coast where I visited several schools and took in the atmosphere of an area to which my midwestern self was somewhat unaccustomed. One school I was considering that I did not visit was Dartmouth. Writing Essays About Kelley! After all, I spent a month there later in the summer. As a participant of the Dartmouth Debate Institute I spent a lot of time in Feldberg, Dana, and Baker libraries; resided in the well-known Choates; attended sessions in Silsby; and dined in the Full-Fare section of dissertation statistical services Thayer. There was also time for recreational activities such as rope swinging, volleyball, frisbee, sleep (every little bit was cherished), and beautiful hikes up to Dana. I did manage to sit down and writing essays, work in dissertation statistical financial, such a clean, open environment, however. The instructors made sure of that.

    The four-week institute honed my skills in speaking, researching, structuring arguments, and thinking. As a result, my partner and I were able to jam essay, break into statistical financial the elimination rounds at the institute-ending tournament which included the top debaters in the nation. Aside from the mla format when writing essays, debate skills I learned, I found the institute very favorable because of the exchange of ideas taking place between the students and dissertation statistical services, staff. What I learned from those exchanges enlightened me not only leadership studies as a debater but also as a person. Although I enjoy all of my subjects, I regard classes I have taken in the social sciences to be the most meaningful. Whereas some classes use formulas to describe natural occurrences, the social sciences show that not everything is statistical explicable in such a clear-cut manner.

    The social sciences describe people; they describe the people who make up the formulas and how and research, why that was done. The social sciences also explain the past so as a society, people can avoid past catastrophes and services financial, build upon past successes. Not only do they describe how we act as we do, but why we act as we do. I am not a student who always likes to follow someone else’s rules. While most subjects allow for free thought, the social sciences encourage innovative thinking.

    Those classes expect students to explain why something happened based on certain conditions. Literature Eighth Griffith! I didn’t learn that the dissertation services, Iron Curtain was an economic measure in any math class. As a student my ultimate goal is to understand things. I feel the best way to understand is not by reciting another’s thought, but by formulating my own and mla format writing essays, debating it with people who disagree with me. I believe that exchange of dissertation statistical thought is vital in every curriculum, but the social sciences do the most to leadership case, promote that exchange. I highly doubt that anyone will be debating Einstein’s ideas in the near future-and be right. This essayist dedicates the first essay to his involvement in debating. He manages to communicate quite a lot in a short amount of space (what he has learned, what he has achieved, and what debating means to him) without ever losing his focus.

    The second essay is an example of an dissertation statistical services financial, answer to a list question (“List your honors and awards”). About Traffic Jam Essay! The third gets more personal by describing the summer he spent at Dartmouth. The strength of this essay is that he sells himself on his knowledge and familiarity of the dissertation statistical financial, school. Leadership Case! The weakness of this essay is that he tries to do too much and loses his focus after the second paragraph. The conclusion does not seem to statistical services, fit with the about, points he has made in the essay-the last line particularly seems to come from nowhere. SAMPLE SHORT ESSAY SET 4:

    Harvard, Favorite Books. The novel Black Like Me was the most stimulating book I have recently read. I was taken aback by the cruelty the narrator experienced when he was black compared to the hospitality he found as a white man. Possessing the same occupation, clothing, wealth, speech, and identity did not matter when his skin was another color. Given that this was a non-fictional piece, my reaction was even stronger. The book made me favor equality of opportunity for all in every endeavor so others’ opinions of them are based on performance, not preconceptions. Harvard, Favorite Teacher.

    I selected Mr. (name) because he taught me more than U.S. History; he taught me how to dissertation statistical services financial, think independently. This wasn’t done only to prepare me for the free-response section of the essay on renaissance period, A.P. test, either. I know he did it to make his students responsible citizens and responsible adults. From the outset, he wanted to make sure that we knew how we stood in our political philosophy: strict constructionists or loose constructionists.

    He wanted to make sure that we didn’t gravitate towards empty categories like liberal or conservative, but rather focused on issues separately whenever we needed to take a stand on them. Imagine my surprise when I, the son of services two very conservative parents who constantly bombarded me with their rhetoric, discovered that I had strong liberal tendencies on some issues. Aside from research papers, political affiliations, Mr. (name) taught us how to make sense out of history by trying to understand the personal motives that went in to any chain of historical occurrences. Dissertation Financial! In his class, I came to the realization that history isn’t only a series of names and dates printed in a textbook, but a more complex subject that requires deep thought and analysis for full comprehension. Essay On Renaissance Period! Because of Mr. (name), history is now my favorite subject. He has also been a motivating force outside of the classroom. He always had faith in my ability and constantly encouraged me to do my best. I believe he respected my abilities and wanted to see them developed further.

    In fact, had it not been for dissertation statistical services his faith in me, I would have never applied to Harvard, the school I plan to attend in the fall. Harvard, Unnoticed Accomplishment. It’s not that I’m a weak guy, just that I had been somewhat self-conscious about case my strength early on in my high school career. My gym class didn’t help too much, either. Dissertation Statistical Financial! Thanks to a demeaning test of strength appropriately dubbed the “Grip Test,” once each quarter I was provided the opportunity to squeeze a gadget, get a score, and have my teacher announce it out loud, no matter how high or (as in my case) how low it was. No matter how hard I tried, the mla format when writing essays, cruel and dissertation financial, callous scale never registered above 40. Almost every other male in the class could boast of a high-40’s or mid-50’s score. I hated that test with a passion.

    Until recently. When this semester rolled around and essay alienation rye, I had the gripper placed in my palm, I was prepared for the same old same old. I had been improving slightly from quarter to dissertation, quarter, but nothing impressive ever happened. Writing About Literature Kelley! I drew in a deep breath, squeezed, looked at the scale, and almost fainted. Sixty-six!

    In a way only a teenager can appreciate, for an accomplishment only a teenager would find meaningful, I thought I was in heaven. My success was even sweeter as I watched jocks pale in comparison when they took the test. Sure, to some people my academic accomplishments seem fairly impressive, and I would agree. Dissertation Services Financial! Yet the grip test situation was much more personal and represented success in traffic, an area I normally don’t pay attention to. Plus I learned two things. Dissertation Statistical! One: I can pride myself on the smallest triviality. Two: I’m glad we don’t measure strength in research, our gym classes with the bench press. Harvard, Leadership through Dedication. To me, leadership does not necessarily mean accumulating as many titles as possible in school activities; I feel one leads through his dedication, actions, and dissertation statistical services, contributions. I have always tried to research on economics in pakistan, lead in almost everything I set out to do.

    I feel I have been successful at that. Services! Superficially, I have earned such titles as president of the writing eighth griffith, National Honor Society chapter at my school, Editor-in-Chief, columnist, Investigative Editor, and Editorial Editor of the school newspaper, senior varsity leader in debate, and a Class Representative for Student Council. However, those titles don’t begin to dissertation services financial, tell the story of my abilities as a leader. They don’t reveal how I volunteered to mla format writing, help out at a handicapped lock-in at an unfamiliar youth center when no one else wanted to, they don’t reveal how I always sought to be on time for work and to statistical services, avoid boondoggling, they don’t reveal how I aided younger debaters with their argumentation so they can have the same success I was lucky enough to enjoy, they don’t reveal how I became a role model for the JETS squad by essay on renaissance studying my material often, eventually becoming the financial, most medaled member on the team, and they don’t reveal all the effort I put into learning my lines and research in pakistan, acquiring a good stage presence for Images, my first stage production ever, so I wouldn’t single-handedly jeopardize the whole show with my lack of dissertation statistical services financial experience. All those actions stress the about jam essay, quality I feel is most important in dissertation services, a leader, dedication. With dedication comes hard work and the ability to seek out solutions when problems get in on economics in pakistan, the way, whether they are with a news page layout or in a student’s diction. Because of this dedication, taking charge is second nature for statistical services financial me. Mla Format Essays! People are always willing to follow one with a clear sense of direction.

    Harvard, Close-knit family. I don’t view my important characteristics as different from those my family has imparted on me throughout the statistical services financial, years. The pride, care, dedication, effort, and writing literature griffith, hard-working attitude that I view as critical to any success I may achieve have all descended upon me courtesy of my close-knit, Italian family. Born the child of two immigrants who came here with nothing, only services one possessing a college degree, the importance of a good work ethic was stressed by about traffic jam essay my parents from day one. Through their actions in services financial, their jobs and through the verbal lessons on life I began to get from the moment I could communicate, they set an writing about eighth griffith, example for me to follow, one of being proud of what I do, no matter what it was, and above all, to care about everything I do as if everything had a big impact. This meant that everything had to be done right and be done well. Undoubtedly, following their own advice carried my parents from their status as blue-collar immigrants who labored as a factory workers to white-collar citizens, one of whom owns his own business while the other works as a bank officer. Those ascensions from nothing only services served as other examples for me to follow, examples that delineated the writing essays edition. griffith, ability for a person to improve through effort. Another quotation from my father propelled me from the time I started school to today: “No matter what you do, you have to be the best.” This set up the inner drive that motivates all my actions. It was what forced me to try hard in school although I didn’t know English well enough to always understand the financial, teacher. It’s the reason why I have developed my skills.

    It accounts for my dedication to literature eighth, all activities, and to the hard work I put into all of them as I strive to lead both in class and out. Essentially, my parentage was the first quality that distinguished me as a leader. Despite all the talk of being a leader, I have never lost sight of the financial, importance of my family. I know I owe my family everything, and as a result, I’ll always be close with it. I pursue a variety of activities for fun and relaxation. Writing Essays Literature Eighth Griffith! I enjoy reading books and magazines (my tastes range from Time to services financial, Gentlemen’s Quarterly) on case studies, a regular basis, imitating Beavis and Butt-head, and most of all, spending time with my friends. Although I am fan of playing pick-up games of basketball, football, and roller hockey, the phrase “doing nothing with my time” doesn’t bother me since I can have a good time just hanging around. I think people, not places, make for a good time. Harvard, Social Concerns. My major social concerns all revolve around the future.

    In other words, I’m concerned about what prevents people from dissertation statistical services, rising above their disadvantages. Specifically, I am most concerned with the handicapped, education, and crime. I feel society’s response to handicaps is mla format when what really hampers the statistical, potential of the disabled. It is important for the disabled to get a better sense of worth and to be able to adapt to, and survive in, today’s world. Through National Honor Society (NHS), I have done just that. I have helped out at a lock-in that was designed to foster interaction among the children of the organization, as well as at Special Olympics, where the kelley griffith, children participate in sports on dissertation statistical financial, a competitive basis so their talents and abilities can be recognized. Whenever the disabled can be successful at an activity, the barrier between them and the rest of essay period society is drastically reduced. Education is key to other problems such as gangs, drugs, and crime because it can prevent and eliminate them. I try to get students in our school to maximize their opportunities by using the educational resources available.

    By setting up a tutoring program through NHS, I have matched up needy students with other students who can assist them with their problems in classes. Statistical Financial! More directly, I help students out case with English and show them how to use the Writing Center Lab, an indispensable resource for English students at any level. The more educated a person is, I believe, the dissertation statistical, more able he is to be successful in the future. I have dealt with criminal problems in my school by discussing solutions to gangs and other crime in the Student Advisory Committee. We have drafted several proposals to help reduce those problems in our school. Educating people about such social concerns is also very crucial because they won’t fix what they don’t think is broken. Traffic Jam Essay! That is one objective of our newspaper, in which we have written various editorials and news stories to educate the student body on social topics. Through debate, I myself have become knowledgeable on such topics as the homeless, poverty, health care, and dissertation services, the environment. That way I can practice what I preach. Harvard is notorious for its long list of essay questions, as you can see from the seven essays this applicant had to write. The first essay is a standard favorite book essay.

    His second, about his favorite teacher, goes into more depth and reveals more about the about traffic, candidate, that he enjoys learning, admires independent thought, and plans to study history. The third essay in this set stands out dissertation services from the writing, rest. Had the panel who were grading the compositions understood the context of this essay in light of the six others in the set, they probably would have given it more credit. Its strength lies in its funny, lighthearted approach-it shows a completely different aspect of the financial, candidate’s personality. Without it, he would have appeared deadpan serious and probably a bit dull. However, showing the rye, wittier side of himself strengthens the set considerably.

    It is a good example of allowing yourself to take a risk in one essay, as long as more serious approaches in dissertation statistical, the others balance it.